Open the Advanced Search

Garden Radish

Raphanus sativus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Brassicaceae (Cabbage)
Also in this family:
Alpine Pennycress, Alpine Rock-cress, American Wintercress, Annual Wall Rocket, Austrian Yellowcress, Awlwort, Bastard Cabbage, Black Mustard, Bristol Rock-cress, Charlock, Common Scurvygrass, Common Whitlowgrass, Coralroot, Creeping Yellowcress, Cuckooflower, Dame's-violet, Danish Scurvygrass, Dittander, Early Wintercress, Eastern Rocket, English Scurvygrass, Evergreen Candytuft, False London Rocket, Field Pennycress, Field Pepperwort, Flixweed, Garden Arabis, Garden Candytuft, Garden Cress, Garden Rocket, Garlic Mustard, Glabrous Whitlowgrass, Gold of Pleasure, Great Yellowcress, Greater Cuckooflower, Greater Periwinkle, Greater Swinecress, Hairy Bittercress, Hairy Rock-cress, Hairy Rocket, Hairy Whitlowgrass, Hedge Mustard, Hoary Cress, Hoary Mustard, Hoary Stock, Hoary Whitlowgrass, Honesty, Horseradish, Hutchinsia, Hybrid Watercress, Intermediate Periwinkle, Isle of Man Cabbage, Large Bittercress, Lesser Swinecress, London Rocket, Lundy Cabbage, Marsh Yellowcress, Mountain Scurvygrass, Narrow-fruited Watercress, Narrow-leaved Bittercress, Narrow-leaved Pepperwort, Northern Rock-cress, Northern Yellowcress, Oilseed Rape, Perennial Rocket, Perennial Wall Rocket, Perfoliate Pennycress, Pinnate Coralroot, Purple Rock-cress, Pyrenean Scurvygrass, Rock Whitlowgrass, Russian Rocket, Scottish Scurvygrass, Sea Kale, Sea Radish, Sea Rocket, Sea Stock, Shepherd's Cress, Shepherd's Purse, Small-flowered Wintercress, Smith's Pepperwort, Steppe Cabbage, Swede, Sweet Alyssum, Tall Rocket, Thale Cress, Tower Mustard, Treacle Mustard, Trefoil Cress, Turnip, Wall Whitlowgrass, Wallflower, Wallflower Cabbage, Warty Cabbage, Watercress, Wavy Bittercress, White Mustard, Wild Cabbage, Wild Candytuft, Wild Radish, Wild Turnip, Wintercress, Woad, Yellow Whitlowgrass
Life Cycle:
Annual or Biennial
Maximum Size:
90 centimetres tall
Gardens, wasteland.

White, 4 petals
White, lilac-veined petals.
The fruit are green or greenish-purple pods, up to 10cm in length. The pods are known as 'silicles'. The seeds ripen between July and September.
An annual or biennial plant with leaves arranged in rosette formation. Commonly hybridises with the similar-looking Wild Radish (Raphanus raphanistrum).
Other Names:
Common Radish, Cultivated Radish, Rabone.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Raphanus sativus, commonly known as radish, is a species of edible root vegetable in the family Brassicaceae. It is native to Europe and Asia, but it is widely cultivated in other parts of the world. Radishes come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colors, and they are generally characterized by their pungent, spicy flavor. They are typically consumed raw as a salad ingredient, but can also be cooked or pickled. Radishes are typically fast-growing and can be ready to harvest within as little as 25-30 days from sowing. They are considered as a hardy and versatile plant, they can tolerate a wide range of soils and conditions, and they can grow in full sun or partial shade. Radishes are also a good source of vitamin C, folate, and potassium.


Garden Radish, or Raphanus sativus, is a popular root vegetable that is enjoyed all around the world. This crisp and spicy vegetable is known for its versatility and is commonly used in salads, sandwiches, and as a garnish. In this blog, we'll take a closer look at the garden radish, its history, cultivation, and some ways to enjoy this flavorful vegetable.

History of Garden Radish

Garden radish is believed to have originated in China thousands of years ago. From there, it spread to other parts of Asia, Europe, and the Americas. The ancient Greeks and Romans also grew radishes and used them in their cuisine. Today, garden radishes are cultivated in many parts of the world and come in various shapes, sizes, and colors.

Cultivation of Garden Radish

Garden radishes are relatively easy to grow and can be planted throughout the year. They prefer cool temperatures and can be grown in the spring or fall. In warmer climates, they can also be grown during the winter months. Radish seeds should be sown directly in the soil and do not require much space. They can even be grown in containers or raised garden beds.

Once planted, garden radishes will mature quickly, usually in just a few weeks. They are typically harvested when the root is between 1 and 3 inches in diameter. Radishes should be kept well-watered and can be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer. They can be susceptible to pests and diseases, so it's important to keep an eye out for any signs of trouble.

Types of Garden Radish

There are many types of garden radishes, each with its own unique flavor and appearance. The most common type is the red or round radish, which is often eaten raw in salads. Other varieties include the long white radish, also known as daikon, the black Spanish radish, and the watermelon radish, which has a green exterior and a pink interior.

Ways to Enjoy Garden Radish

Garden radishes can be enjoyed in many ways. They are often eaten raw and sliced thinly in salads or on sandwiches. They can also be pickled or roasted for a different flavor. Garden radish leaves are also edible and can be added to salads or cooked like spinach. For a spicy kick, try dipping garden radishes in a mixture of salt and chili powder.

In conclusion, garden radish is a flavorful and versatile root vegetable that can be enjoyed in many ways. Whether you're growing them in your own garden or picking them up from the farmers' market, garden radishes are a great addition to any meal.

Health Benefits of Garden Radish

In addition to its delicious taste, garden radish also offers a range of health benefits. It is low in calories and high in fiber, making it a great option for weight loss and digestive health. Garden radish is also high in vitamin C, which helps boost the immune system and promote healthy skin. It contains other important nutrients such as potassium, folate, and manganese.

Garden radish is also known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The compounds found in garden radish have been shown to help reduce inflammation, which is linked to many chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Additionally, garden radish may have antimicrobial properties, making it useful for fighting off harmful bacteria and viruses.

Garden Radish in Traditional Medicine

Garden radish has a long history of use in traditional medicine. It has been used to treat a range of ailments, including constipation, fever, and coughs. In Chinese medicine, daikon radish is often used to help clear excess phlegm and promote healthy digestion. In Ayurvedic medicine, garden radish is used as a natural diuretic to help rid the body of excess fluid.

Garden radish is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that is enjoyed around the world. It is easy to grow and can be used in many different dishes. With its range of health benefits, garden radish is a great addition to any diet. Whether you're a fan of the classic round red radish or prefer the mild flavor of daikon, there's a garden radish variety for everyone to enjoy.

Tips for Choosing and Storing Garden Radish

When choosing garden radishes, look for firm roots that are free of cracks and blemishes. They should have a bright, vibrant color and feel heavy for their size. Avoid radishes that feel soft or spongy, as this may be a sign of decay.

To store garden radishes, remove any leaves and trim the ends of the roots. Place the radishes in a plastic bag and store them in the refrigerator. They should last for up to a week, although their flavor may become milder over time. Garden radish leaves can be stored separately in a plastic bag in the refrigerator and used within a few days.

Fun Facts About Garden Radish

  • The name "radish" comes from the Latin word "radix," which means root.
  • The black Spanish radish was a favorite of Spanish conquistadors and was often eaten to prevent scurvy.
  • The watermelon radish gets its name from its green and pink colors, which resemble a watermelon.
  • In some cultures, garden radish is believed to have aphrodisiac properties.

In conclusion, garden radish is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that offers a range of health benefits. It is easy to grow and can be used in many different dishes. Whether you're a fan of the classic red round radish or prefer the milder flavor of daikon, there's a garden radish variety for everyone to enjoy.

Ways to Use Garden Radish in Cooking

Garden radish can be used in many different ways in cooking. Here are some ideas to get you started:

  1. Raw: Garden radish is often eaten raw as a snack or added to salads for a peppery crunch.

  2. Pickled: Pickling is a great way to preserve garden radish and bring out its flavor. Simply slice the radishes thinly and add them to a jar with vinegar, water, sugar, and salt.

  3. Roasted: Roasting garden radish can mellow out its flavor and bring out its sweetness. Simply toss the radishes in olive oil, salt, and pepper and roast in the oven until tender.

  4. Grilled: Grilling garden radish can also mellow out its flavor and add a smoky char. Simply slice the radishes and grill over medium heat until tender.

  5. Sauteed: Garden radish can be sauteed with other vegetables to add a pop of color and flavor. Simply saute the radishes in butter or oil with garlic, onions, and other vegetables of your choice.

  6. Soup: Garden radish can be used to add flavor and texture to soups. Simply chop the radishes and add them to your favorite soup recipe.

  7. Chips: Garden radish can be sliced thinly and baked in the oven to make crispy and delicious chips. Simply toss the slices in olive oil, salt, and pepper and bake at 375 degrees until crispy.

In conclusion, garden radish is a versatile and tasty vegetable that can be used in many different ways in cooking. Whether you prefer it raw, pickled, roasted, grilled, sauteed, in soup, or as chips, garden radish is a great addition to any dish. So why not try some of these ideas in your next meal?

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map