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Large Bittercress

Cardamine amara

Plant Data

Order:
Brassicales
Family:
Brassicaceae (Cabbage)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
4 white petals which are very occasionally purple, up to 12mm wide. Flowers clustering together at the top of the plant. 6 stamens, purple anthers.
Fruit:
Long, thin, flat seed pods that eventually split open lengthwise.
Leaves:
Without a basal rosette, as with Hairy Bittercress and Wavy Bittercress. The basal leaves are long-stalked and the upper stem leaves are very short-stalked. The leaves run alternate along the stem and have up to 5 paired leaflets, plus the terminal leaflet. The individual leaflets are elliptical in shape and with edges that are smooth and wavy, or toothed. Not hairy. The leaves are present all year round.
Maximum Size:
60cm tall.
Foraging Notes:
The whole plant can be eaten raw and is bitter or peppery-tasting. Good in salads.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
The leaves are aromatic when bruised.
Habitats:
Fens, marshes, riversides, waterside, woodland.