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Large Bittercress

Cardamine amara

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.

Plant Data

Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Order:
Brassicales
Family:
Brassicaceae (Cabbage)
Type:
Flower
Maximum Size:
60 centimetres tall
Habitats:
Fens, marshes, riversides, waterside, woodland.

Flower:
֍
White, 4 petals
 
4 white petals which are very occasionally purple, up to 12mm wide. Flowers clustering together at the top of the plant. 6 stamens, purple anthers.
Fruit:
Long, thin, flat seed pods that eventually split open lengthwise.
Leaves:
Without a basal rosette, as with Hairy Bittercress and Wavy Bittercress. The basal leaves are long-stalked and the upper stem leaves are very short-stalked. The leaves run alternate along the stem and have up to 5 paired leaflets, plus the terminal leaflet. The individual leaflets are elliptical in shape and with edges that are smooth and wavy, or toothed. Not hairy. The leaves are present all year round.
Aroma:
The leaves are aromatic when bruised.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  
Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map