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Red Lungwort

Pulmonaria rubra

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Boraginaceae (Borage)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
25 centimetres tall
Gardens, hedgerows, riverbanks, roadsides, rocky places, waterside, woodland.

Red, 5 petals
The flowers are coral red and bell-shaped. They appear in clusters. Unlike the similar looking Common Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) the flowers are always red and never turn blue. The flowers are also redder than those of Common Lungwort.
Shiny, flat nutlets.
A clump-forming perennial plant with oval, pointed leaves. Unlike Common Lungwort the leaves are not spotted. Usually seen growing wild in the UK as a garden escape.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Pulmonaria rubra, also known as red lungwort, is a perennial plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It is known for its clusters of small, red, pink or purple flowers that bloom in the spring and its hairy, lance-shaped leaves. The common name "lungwort" is derived from the plant's leaves, which were thought to resemble the lungs of a person in olden times. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and is often found in woodlands, along stream banks, and in other damp, shady places. It's a hardy plant and often used as groundcover or in rock gardens, it's also attractive to pollinators. It's not considered an invasive plant and it's not poisonous.


Red Lungwort, scientifically known as Pulmonaria rubra, is a perennial herbaceous plant that belongs to the Boraginaceae family. It is a native species in Europe and Western Asia, and it has become popular worldwide for its ornamental value and medicinal properties. In this blog, we will explore the characteristics, uses, and benefits of Red Lungwort.


Red Lungwort is a low-growing herbaceous plant that typically reaches a height of 15-25 cm. Its leaves are lance-shaped, and they are covered in silver-white spots that resemble lungs, hence the name Lungwort. The flowers of Red Lungwort are tubular-shaped, with five petals that range in color from pink to red. The flowers bloom in early spring, providing a much-needed burst of color after the long winter months.


Red Lungwort has a long history of medicinal use. The plant contains a variety of compounds that have anti-inflammatory, expectorant, and antibacterial properties, making it a popular remedy for respiratory ailments such as coughs, bronchitis, and asthma. The leaves of Red Lungwort can be brewed into a tea, which is traditionally used to soothe irritated throats and reduce congestion.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Red Lungwort is also valued for its ornamental value. The plant is an attractive addition to any garden, with its bright red flowers providing a striking contrast to the silver-spotted leaves. Red Lungwort is a hardy plant that prefers partial shade and moist, well-drained soil, making it an ideal choice for shady gardens or woodland areas.


Red Lungwort has a range of health benefits, thanks to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. The plant contains a variety of compounds, including tannins, flavonoids, and saponins, which work together to reduce inflammation and fight off harmful bacteria. Red Lungwort is particularly effective at treating respiratory ailments, thanks to its expectorant properties, which help to loosen phlegm and reduce congestion.

In addition to its medicinal benefits, Red Lungwort is also thought to have antioxidant properties, which can help to protect the body against cellular damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are essential for maintaining good health, as they help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

More Information

Red Lungwort is not just a beautiful and beneficial plant, but it also has cultural significance. In traditional European folklore, Red Lungwort was believed to have magical properties and was used in spells and charms to ward off evil spirits and attract good luck. It was also associated with love and fertility and was often given as a gift to newlyweds.

Another interesting fact about Red Lungwort is that it is a food source for some species of moths, including the scarce chocolate-tip and small elephant hawk-moth. These moths are attracted to the nectar produced by the plant's flowers, making Red Lungwort an important part of the ecosystem.

Red Lungwort is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of ways. In addition to its medicinal and ornamental uses, the leaves of Red Lungwort can be used as a natural dye. The leaves produce a green dye when boiled, which can be used to color wool or fabric.

Red Lungwort has several other species in the same genus, including Pulmonaria officinalis and Pulmonaria saccharata. These species share similar characteristics, such as their spotted leaves and tubular-shaped flowers, and they also have medicinal properties.

Pulmonaria officinalis, also known as Common Lungwort, is a close relative of Red Lungwort and has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for respiratory ailments. Like Red Lungwort, Common Lungwort contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties, making it an effective treatment for coughs, bronchitis, and other respiratory conditions.

Pulmonaria saccharata, commonly known as Bethlehem Sage or Silver Lungwort, is another species in the Pulmonaria genus. This plant is also prized for its ornamental value and is known for its silver-spotted leaves and pink or blue flowers. While not as well-known for its medicinal properties as Red Lungwort and Common Lungwort, Bethlehem Sage is believed to have mild expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects.

In addition to its uses in traditional medicine, Red Lungwort has been the subject of scientific research. Studies have shown that the plant contains a variety of bioactive compounds, including flavonoids and tannins, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. These compounds have been shown to have potential therapeutic effects for a range of health conditions, including respiratory diseases, cancer, and inflammation-related disorders.

Red Lungwort has a rich cultural history and has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for respiratory ailments. In traditional European herbal medicine, it was believed to have cooling and moistening properties, and was used to treat coughs, bronchitis, and asthma. It was also used as an expectorant to help clear mucus from the lungs and as an anti-inflammatory to reduce swelling and irritation.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Red Lungwort has been used for culinary purposes. The young leaves of the plant can be used in salads or cooked as a vegetable, and the flowers can be used as a garnish or added to drinks for their bright color and mild flavor.

Red Lungwort is also a valuable plant for pollinators, providing nectar for bees and butterflies. In addition, the plant is often used as a companion plant for fruit trees and other crops, as it is believed to attract beneficial insects and improve soil health.

While Red Lungwort is generally considered safe for consumption, it is important to note that it can cause skin irritation in some individuals. As with any herbal remedy, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using Red Lungwort to treat any health condition.

In conclusion, Red Lungwort is a fascinating plant with a long history of medicinal and culinary use. It is valued for its ornamental value, health benefits, and ecological importance, and is a wonderful addition to any garden.