Open the Advanced Search

Caucasian Comfrey

Symphytum caucasicum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Boraginaceae (Borage)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
90 centimetres tall
Gardens, roadsides, wasteland, woodland.

Blue, 5 petals
Tubular, clear blue, nodding flowers.
A dark brown or blackish, 4-parted nutlet.
A perennial garden escape species with crinkled, greyish-green, lance-shaped leaves, up to 20cm (8 inches) long.
Other Names:
Beinwell, Blue Comfrey.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Symphytum caucasicum, also known as Caucasian comfrey, is a species of flowering plant in the Boraginaceae family. It is native to the Caucasus region of eastern Europe and western Asia and is known for its large, hairy leaves and clusters of bell-shaped flowers that can be purple, pink, or white. The plant is often used in traditional medicine and is known for its medicinal properties, including its ability to reduce inflammation and stimulate cell growth. It is also sometimes used in herbal remedies to treat wounds and broken bones. Caucasian comfrey is a popular ornamental plant and is often used in gardens and landscaping.


Caucasian Comfrey (Symphytum caucasicum) is a member of the Borage family that is native to the Caucasus Mountains in Russia and the surrounding regions. This plant has been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine and is considered one of the most versatile medicinal plants available.

Caucasian Comfrey is a hardy perennial that grows up to 3 feet tall and has large, hairy leaves and small, bell-shaped flowers that range in color from white to pink. The plant thrives in moist, well-drained soils and is drought tolerant, making it a low-maintenance option for gardeners.

One of the primary uses of Caucasian Comfrey is as a wound healer. The plant contains compounds known as allantoin and rosmarinic acid that promote cell growth and reduce inflammation, making it an effective treatment for cuts, bruises, and other types of skin injuries. When applied topically, Caucasian Comfrey can help speed up the healing process and reduce the appearance of scars.

In addition to its topical uses, Caucasian Comfrey is also commonly used as an herbal remedy for various internal ailments. The plant is rich in vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin C, potassium, and iron, and is thought to have a positive effect on the digestive system, helping to relieve constipation, indigestion, and other digestive issues.

Another benefit of Caucasian Comfrey is its ability to boost the immune system. The plant contains a variety of compounds that help to protect against harmful pathogens and promote overall health. Additionally, its anti-inflammatory properties make it a useful treatment for conditions such as arthritis and other types of inflammatory joint pain.

While Caucasian Comfrey is considered safe for topical use and internal consumption in moderate amounts, it is important to note that large doses of the plant can be toxic and should be avoided. Pregnant women and individuals with liver or kidney problems are also advised to avoid using this plant.

Caucasian Comfrey is a versatile and beneficial plant that has been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine. From promoting wound healing to boosting the immune system, this plant offers a range of health benefits that make it an excellent addition to any garden or medicine cabinet.

Caucasian Comfrey is also commonly used in the production of cosmetic products. Its anti-inflammatory properties and ability to stimulate cell growth make it an effective ingredient in creams and ointments used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. The plant's high content of mucilage, a gel-like substance that is rich in moisturizing properties, makes it an ideal ingredient for products designed to hydrate and soothe dry, irritated skin.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Caucasian Comfrey is also valued for its ability to improve soil health. The plant is a dynamic accumulator, meaning that it is able to absorb large amounts of nutrients from the soil and store them in its leaves. When the leaves are chopped and added to the soil, they release their nutrients, providing a natural and effective form of fertilizer. This makes Caucasian Comfrey an ideal plant for gardeners who are looking to improve the health and fertility of their soil.

Caucasian Comfrey is also a popular choice for permaculture and edible landscaping. The plant is easy to grow and can be used in a variety of ways in the landscape, including as a ground cover, a low-maintenance border, or a living mulch. Its leaves are edible and can be used in salads or as a cooked green, and its flowers are also edible and can be used to add flavor and color to dishes.

Caucasian Comfrey is a versatile and beneficial plant that offers a range of uses for both health and the home garden. Whether you are looking to improve soil health, use it for medicinal purposes, or simply want a low-maintenance option for your landscape, this plant is definitely worth considering.

Another unique aspect of Caucasian Comfrey is its ability to provide support for wildlife. The plant is a popular choice for creating wildlife habitats and attracting pollinators, such as bees, butterflies, and other insects. Its nectar-rich flowers provide an important food source for many pollinators, while its leaves and stems serve as a source of food and shelter for a variety of animals, including birds and small mammals.

In addition, Caucasian Comfrey is often used as an alternative to traditional livestock feed, providing a nutritious and sustainable food source for farm animals. The plant is rich in protein and other essential nutrients, making it a valuable addition to the diets of livestock such as cows, sheep, and goats. By incorporating this plant into their feed, farmers can reduce their dependence on commercial feed and improve the health and well-being of their animals.

Caucasian Comfrey is also valued for its ornamental qualities. The plant's striking foliage and delicate flowers make it a beautiful addition to any garden, and its hardiness and low-maintenance requirements make it an ideal choice for busy gardeners. Additionally, its ability to thrive in a variety of growing conditions, from full sun to partial shade, makes it a versatile option for gardeners of all levels.

In conclusion, Caucasian Comfrey is a multi-faceted plant that offers numerous benefits for both people and the environment. From its medicinal properties to its ability to improve soil health and support wildlife, this plant truly has something to offer everyone. So why not give it a try and see for yourself why this amazing plant has been valued for centuries!