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Hop Trefoil

Trifolium campestre

Plant Data

Order:
Fabales
Family:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Pale or creamy yellow flower heads, packed with 10 to 30 individual flowers. They are round to oval in shape and up to 15mm across. Flowers turn pale brown later on in the season.
Fruit:
Pea-like pods which contain brown seeds. Black Medic is similar to Hop Trefoil but has black seeds.
Leaves:
Like all Clovers and Trefoils, the leaves are divided into 3 leaflets. The leaflets are heart-shaped, similar to Black Medic and Lesser Trefoil, however they are larger. Unlike most other Clover species, the Hop Trefoil has a stalked centre leaflet. The leaflet margins are slightly serrated.
Maximum Size:
30cm tall.
Foraging Notes:
The flowers, leaves and seeds can all be eaten, raw or cooked. The flowers can be used to make tea. The leaves make a good addition to salads. The seeds can be roasted.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Other Names:
Field Big Hop Clover, Field Clover, Large Hop Clover, Lesser Hop Clover, Lesser Yellow Trefoil, Low Hop Clover, Low Hop Trefoil, Pinnate Hop Clover, Smaller Hop Clover, Yellow Clover.
Habitats:
Farmland, grassland, lawns, roadsides, wasteland, woodland.