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Black Medick

Medicago lupulina

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.

Plant Data

Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Order:
Fabales
Family:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Type:
Flower
Maximum Size:
20 centimetres tall
Habitats:
Gardens, grassland, lawns, roadsides, wasteland.

Flower:
֍
Yellow, 4 petals
 
Bright yellow and up to 50 flowers per compact flowerhead. 4 downy sepals and 4 petals. Similar looking flower as Lesser Trefoil.
Fruit:
Small, flat and hairy, black kidney-shaped pea pods, up to 3mm across.
Leaves:
Trifoliate leaves, clover-like in appearance, with a black dot in the centre of each leaflet. Similar looking to Lesser Trefoil except the tips of the leaflets are subtly different in shape. With Black Medick the tips of the leaflets protrude slightly, being a little bit pointed. Lesser Trefoil leaflets have a slight indentation so they are ever so slightly more heart-shaped but it's not always easy to tell them apart so careful observation of multiple leaflets is often necessary for correct identification.
Other Names:
Black Clover, Black Grass, Black Hay, Black Meddick, Black Medic Clover, Black Nonesuch, Blackseed, Hop Clover, Hop Medic, Lupuline, Melilot Trefoil, Nonesuch, Yellow Clover, Yellow Trefoil.
Frequency (UK):
Common  
Similar Species:
Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map