Open the Advanced Search

Western Clover

Trifolium occidentale

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Also in this family:
Alpine Milk-vetch, Alsike Clover, Birdsfoot, Birdsfoot Clover, Bird's-foot Trefoil, Bithynian Vetch, Bitter Vetch, Black Broom, Black Medick, Bladder Senna, Broad Bean, Broad-leaved Everlasting Pea, Bur Medick, Burrowing Clover, Bush Vetch, Clustered Clover, Common Broom, Common Gorse, Common Laburnum, Common Restharrow, Common Vetch, Crimson Clover, Crown Vetch, Dragon's Teeth, Dwarf Gorse, Dyer's Greenweed, False Acacia, Fine-leaved Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Garden Lupin, Garden Pea, Goat's Rue, Grass Vetchling, Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Greenweed, Hairy Tare, Hairy Vetchling, Hairy-fruited Broom, Haresfoot Clover, Hop Trefoil, Horseshoe Vetch, Hungarian Vetch, Kidney Vetch, Knotted Clover, Large Trefoil, Lesser Trefoil, Lucerne, Marsh Pea, Meadow Vetchling, Narrow-leaved Bird's-foot Trefoil, Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea, Narrow-leaved Vetch, Nootka Lupin, Norfolk Everlasting Pea, Orange Birdsfoot, Petty Whin, Purple Milk-vetch, Purple Oxytropis, Red Clover, Reversed Clover, Ribbed Melilot, Rough Clover, Russell Lupin, Sainfoin, Scorpion Senna, Scottish Laburnum, Sea Clover, Sea Pea, Sickle Medick, Slender Bird's-foot Trefoil, Slender Tare, Slender Trefoil, Small Melilot, Small Restharrow, Smooth Tare, Spanish Broom, Spanish Gorse, Spiny Restharrow, Spotted Medick, Spring Vetch, Strawberry Clover, Suffocated Clover, Sulphur Clover, Tall Melilot, Toothed Medick, Tree Lupin, Tuberous Pea, Tufted Vetch, Twin-headed Clover, Two-flowered Everlasting Pea, Upright Clover, Upright Vetch, Western Gorse, White Broom, White Clover, White Lupin, White Melilot, Wild Liquorice, Wood Vetch, Yellow Oxytropis, Yellow Vetch, Yellow Vetchling, Zigzag Clover
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
60 centimetres tall
Gardens, grassland, meadows, sand dunes, seaside.

White, many petals
Dense, round flowerheads of white flowers, often tinged pink. Similar and almost identical to the much more frequent White Clover (Trifolium repens). The Western Clover is more slender with smaller flowerheads. The flowers appear earlier in the year than those of White Clover.
The fruit is a linear, pea-like pod which produces the seeds.
The leaves are divided into 3 round leaflets. Similar to those of White Clover except they are thicker, rounder, bluish-green, more opaque and not marked. The leaf veins are not translucent like those of White Clover. The stipules are often tinged red. Perennial.
The flowers are not scented.
Other Names:
Western Red Clover.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Trifolium occidentale, also known as western clover or western red clover, is a perennial plant in the family Fabaceae. It is native to North America and is found in grassland and meadow habitats. The plant has red or pink flowers that bloom in the summer. It grows to be about 60 cm (2 feet) tall and prefers well-drained, moist soil. It is often used as an ornamental plant in gardens, and it is also used as a natural dye and as a cover crop. Trifolium occidentale is also used medicinally for its astringent and expectorant properties. It is also used as a source of nectar for bees.


Western clover (Trifolium occidentale) is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the pea family (Fabaceae). It is native to the western regions of North America and is widely distributed in the grasslands and prairies of the United States and Canada.

The plant grows to a height of up to 40 cm (16 in) and has clumps of trifoliate leaves that are made up of three leaflets. The leaves are green in color and are slightly hairy. The plant produces small, compact spikes of pinkish-purple or white flowers from mid-spring to early summer. These flowers are attractive to bees and other pollinators, making Western clover an important source of nectar and pollen for these insects.

In addition to its ornamental value, Western clover has a number of ecological benefits. It is a hardy plant that is able to grow in a variety of soils and is able to tolerate dry conditions, making it ideal for use in restoration projects and other conservation efforts. The plant is also nitrogen-fixing, meaning that it has the ability to convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be used by other plants, improving soil fertility and promoting the growth of other species.

Western clover is also used as forage for livestock, especially during the spring and summer months when other forage plants may not be available. The plant is highly palatable and is a valuable source of protein and other nutrients for livestock. Additionally, Western clover can help to improve soil quality and reduce soil erosion, making it an important tool in sustainable agriculture and land management practices.

Western clover is a versatile and valuable plant that has a range of ecological, ornamental, and agricultural uses. Its ability to grow in a variety of soils and climates, as well as its attractive flowers and hardiness, make it a valuable addition to any landscape or ecosystem.

Another great benefit of Western clover is its ability to suppress weeds. The dense growth habit of the plant and its ability to compete for water and nutrients make it an effective weed suppressant, reducing the need for herbicides and other chemical controls. In addition, Western clover is able to reduce soil erosion by binding the soil with its roots, helping to maintain soil structure and stability.

In terms of cultivation, Western clover is relatively easy to grow and maintain. It prefers well-drained soils and full sun exposure, but is also able to tolerate partial shade. Once established, the plant is drought-tolerant and does not require frequent watering. Propagation is typically done by seed, although cuttings can also be taken from established plants.

Despite its many benefits, Western clover does have a few drawbacks. For example, the plant can become invasive in some regions, especially if it is not properly managed. In addition, the leaves of the plant can be toxic to some livestock, especially if they are consumed in large quantities. As with any plant, it is important to consider the specific needs and requirements of the ecosystem before introducing Western clover into the landscape.

Overall, Western clover is a valuable plant that offers a range of benefits to the environment and to human activities. Whether you are looking to establish a beautiful and low-maintenance garden, improve soil quality, or provide food and habitat for wildlife, Western clover is a great choice.

It's worth mentioning that Western clover can also be used in agricultural rotations. The plant is able to fix nitrogen in the soil, which can help to reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers. Additionally, its ability to suppress weeds can reduce the need for herbicides, making it a more sustainable and eco-friendly option for farmers.

In terms of landscaping, Western clover is a great option for wildflower gardens, meadows, and other naturalistic landscapes. The compact spikes of pinkish-purple or white flowers provide a splash of color, while the clumps of trifoliate leaves add texture and interest to the landscape. Western clover can also be used in rock gardens, xeriscapes, and other low-water landscapes, making it a versatile and valuable plant for a wide range of horticultural applications.

In addition to its ornamental value, Western clover can also provide a valuable habitat for wildlife. The plant is an important source of nectar and pollen for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, and can also provide food and shelter for small mammals, birds, and other wildlife. By including Western clover in your landscape, you can help to support biodiversity and create a healthy and thriving ecosystem.

Finally, it is important to note that Western clover is not widely available in many regions, so it may be difficult to find seed or plants for sale. However, there are many seed suppliers that specialize in native plant seeds and may be able to provide Western clover for your landscape. If you are interested in planting Western clover, be sure to research local seed suppliers and check availability in your area.

In conclusion, Western clover is a versatile and valuable plant that offers a wide range of benefits to the environment and to human activities. Whether you are looking to establish a beautiful garden, improve soil quality, or support wildlife, Western clover is a great choice.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map