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White Broom

Cytisus multiflorus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Also in this family:
Alpine Milk-vetch, Alsike Clover, Birdsfoot, Birdsfoot Clover, Bird's-foot Trefoil, Bithynian Vetch, Bitter Vetch, Black Broom, Black Medick, Bladder Senna, Broad Bean, Broad-leaved Everlasting Pea, Bur Medick, Burrowing Clover, Bush Vetch, Clustered Clover, Common Broom, Common Gorse, Common Laburnum, Common Restharrow, Common Vetch, Crimson Clover, Crown Vetch, Dragon's Teeth, Dwarf Gorse, Dyer's Greenweed, False Acacia, Fine-leaved Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Garden Lupin, Garden Pea, Goat's Rue, Grass Vetchling, Greater Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil, Hairy Greenweed, Hairy Tare, Hairy Vetchling, Hairy-fruited Broom, Haresfoot Clover, Hop Trefoil, Horseshoe Vetch, Hungarian Vetch, Kidney Vetch, Knotted Clover, Large Trefoil, Lesser Trefoil, Lucerne, Marsh Pea, Meadow Vetchling, Narrow-leaved Bird's-foot Trefoil, Narrow-leaved Everlasting Pea, Narrow-leaved Vetch, Nootka Lupin, Norfolk Everlasting Pea, Orange Birdsfoot, Petty Whin, Purple Milk-vetch, Purple Oxytropis, Red Clover, Reversed Clover, Ribbed Melilot, Rough Clover, Russell Lupin, Sainfoin, Scorpion Senna, Scottish Laburnum, Sea Clover, Sea Pea, Sickle Medick, Slender Bird's-foot Trefoil, Slender Tare, Slender Trefoil, Small Melilot, Small Restharrow, Smooth Tare, Spanish Broom, Spanish Gorse, Spiny Restharrow, Spotted Medick, Spring Vetch, Strawberry Clover, Suffocated Clover, Sulphur Clover, Tall Melilot, Toothed Medick, Tree Lupin, Tuberous Pea, Tufted Vetch, Twin-headed Clover, Two-flowered Everlasting Pea, Upright Clover, Upright Vetch, Western Clover, Western Gorse, White Clover, White Lupin, White Melilot, Wild Liquorice, Wood Vetch, Yellow Oxytropis, Yellow Vetch, Yellow Vetchling, Zigzag Clover
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
3.5 metres tall
Gardens, roadsides, wasteland.

White, 5 petals
Many-flowered. The flowers are pea-like. Unlike most Broom species, the flowers are creamy white and not yellow.
Pea-like pods, each containing between 4 and 6 seeds. The pods blacken with maturity. Each pod is up to 3cm in length and covered in many appressed hairs.
Trefoil leaves, mainly appearing on the lower branches. The stems are 5-angled.
The flowers of White Broom are fragrant.
Other Names:
Many-flowered Broom, Portugal Laburnum, White Spanish Broom.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Cytisus multiflorus, also known as the many-flowered broom, is a species of flowering plant in the pea family (Fabaceae). It is native to the western Mediterranean region, including Spain, Portugal, and Morocco. The plant is an evergreen shrub that grows to a height of up to 1.5 meters. It has narrow, dark green leaves and small, yellow flowers that bloom in the spring. C. multiflorus is often used as an ornamental plant in gardens and is also valued for its ability to thrive in dry, rocky soil. However, it can be invasive in some areas and has the potential to displace native vegetation.


White broom, Cytisus multiflorus, is a flowering shrub native to the Mediterranean region. It is known for its delicate, white flowers that bloom in the spring and summer, attracting a variety of pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The plant is hardy and can tolerate a range of soils, making it an easy choice for gardeners looking to add a touch of color to their landscapes.

The plant's leaves are narrow and a pale green color, and its branches are thin and flexible, making it ideal for use as a cut flower. In fact, the white broom has been used in floral arrangements for centuries, and continues to be a popular choice for wedding bouquets and centerpieces.

In addition to its ornamental value, the white broom has been used for medicinal purposes in some traditional cultures. For example, some Native American tribes used the plant to treat a variety of ailments, including rheumatism and toothaches. However, it's important to note that white broom can be toxic if ingested, and should not be used for medicinal purposes without the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Despite its beauty and versatility, the white broom can be invasive in certain areas. It is known to spread rapidly, and can quickly take over large areas of land, pushing out native plant species and disrupting local ecosystems. For this reason, it is important to plant white broom with care, and to consider other, less invasive options if you're looking to add color to your garden.

In terms of cultivation, the white broom is relatively low-maintenance and can grow well in full sun or partial shade. It is also drought-tolerant, making it a good choice for areas with limited rainfall. The plant is typically propagated through seeds or cuttings, and can be pruned to shape as desired.

However, it's important to note that the white broom can be prone to some pests and diseases. For example, it can be susceptible to aphids, scale insects, and powdery mildew. To prevent these issues, it's important to practice good cultural practices, such as providing adequate spacing and sunlight, and avoiding over-watering.

Another consideration when growing white broom is its invasiveness. In some areas, it has been declared a noxious weed, and there are regulations in place to control its spread. Gardeners should be aware of the potential impacts of the plant in their area, and should consider alternative options if necessary.

Overall, the white broom, Cytisus multiflorus, is a beautiful and versatile plant that can add a touch of color to any garden. While it is relatively low-maintenance and drought-tolerant, it is important to consider its potential invasiveness and susceptibility to pests and diseases when making the decision to grow it. As with any plant, it's important to research its specific needs and to use proper cultural practices to ensure its success in your garden.

In terms of design, the white broom can be used in a variety of ways in the garden. It is often grown as a specimen plant, where its delicate white flowers can be fully appreciated. It can also be planted in groupings to create a mass of color, or used as a low-growing hedge or border. When used in larger landscapes, the white broom can also be used to create naturalistic drifts or screens, adding structure and interest to the garden.

For gardeners looking to attract wildlife, the white broom is a great choice. Its delicate white flowers are a popular source of nectar for a variety of pollinators, including bees and butterflies. The plant is also a good food source for some bird species, including the caterpillars of the brimstone butterfly.

In addition to its ornamental value, the white broom can also have ecological benefits. For example, it is known to help control soil erosion, and can provide habitat and food for a variety of wildlife species. When grown in conjunction with other native plants, it can help support local ecosystems and conserve biodiversity.

In conclusion, the white broom, Cytisus multiflorus, is a versatile and beautiful plant with a wide range of uses in the garden. From its delicate white flowers to its ecological benefits, it has much to offer gardeners and nature lovers alike. Whether used as a specimen plant, a low-growing hedge, or a source of nectar for pollinators, the white broom is a valuable addition to any landscape.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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