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Common Melilot

Melilotus officinalis

Plant Data

Order:
Fabales
Family:
Fabaceae (Pea)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Lemon yellow spikes of pea-like flowers.
Fruit:
Pea-like seed pod which typically contains 1 seed per pod.
Leaves:
Alternate, pinnate leaves, divided into 3 leaflets. Leaflets are oblong to obovate with serrated margins. Each of the leaves have 2 stipules at their leaf bases.
Maximum Size:
150cm tall.
Foraging Notes:
The flowers and young shoots can be eaten either raw or cooked. The leaves and seeds can be cooked and eaten. This plant should be eaten fresh because when dried it contains a toxin called coumarin. This is a poisonous substance that gives off the smell of newly mown hay.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Smells sweet when in flower.
Other Names:
Bokhara Clover, Field Melilot, Hart's Clover, Hart's Tree, Hay Flower, Honey Clover, King's-crown, Kumoniga, Plaster Clover, Ribbed Melilot, Sweet Clover, Sweet Lucerne, Wild Laburnum, Yellow Melilot, Yellow Millet, Yellow Sweet-clover.
Habitats:
Farmland, grassland, roadsides, wasteland.