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Henbit Dead-nettle

Lamium amplexicaule

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Lamiaceae (Dead-nettle)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
30 centimetres tall
Fields, gardens, lawns, roadsides, walls, wasteland.

Purple, 5 petals
Purplish-pink flowers with a white face and purple spots. Up to 2cm in length. Pollinated by bees.
A 4-parted nutlet.
The well-toothed leaves are in opposite pairs along the 4-angled stems. The leaves under the flowers are unstalked. The leaf margins have large blunt teeth. Henbit Dead-nettle is a hairy annual flower.
Henbit Dead-nettle is in the same family as the Mints but does not smell of mint.
Other Names:
Common Henbit, Greater Henbit, Henbit, Purple Dragon.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Lamium amplexicaule, also known as henbit dead-nettle or purple dragon, is a flowering plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae). It is native to Europe and Asia, but has been introduced to other parts of the world including North America. The plant is characterized by its purple flowers and triangular or heart-shaped leaves. It is often found in disturbed soil, such as along roadsides or in gardens, and is considered a weed in some areas. Despite its name, henbit dead-nettle is not related to the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and does not cause the same type of irritation when touched.


Henbit Dead-nettle: A Delightful Spring-Blooming Wildflower

Spring is just around the corner and with it comes the arrival of a variety of beautiful wildflowers, one of which is the Henbit Dead-nettle (Lamium amplexicaule). This charming wildflower is a member of the Lamiaceae or Mint family and is native to Europe but has been naturalized in North America, where it is now widely distributed across much of the continent.

Henbit Dead-nettle is an annual plant that grows to be 6-12 inches tall. The leaves are green and are arranged opposite each other along the stem. They are oval or oblong in shape and have toothed margins, giving the plant a slightly ragged appearance. The leaves are often slightly hairy and have a soft, velvety texture.

The flowers of Henbit Dead-nettle are small, tubular, and usually purple or pink. They are grouped together in spikes at the top of the plant, which bloom from late winter to early spring, typically from February to April. The flowers are attractive to bees and other pollinators and are an important source of nectar for these insects during a time of year when there is limited food available.

In addition to its ornamental value, Henbit Dead-nettle is also a useful plant for gardeners. It is a hardy plant that will grow in a variety of soil types and will tolerate poor soil conditions. It is also relatively drought-tolerant, making it a good choice for gardeners who live in dry regions.

One of the best features of Henbit Dead-nettle is its ability to establish itself in areas of bare soil, making it a great choice for planting in areas that are difficult to grow other plants. This plant is also a good choice for wildflower gardens, meadows, and woodland edges, where it will provide color and interest throughout the spring months.

If you are looking for a simple, easy-to-grow wildflower to add to your garden, Henbit Dead-nettle is definitely worth considering. It is a charming and attractive plant that will provide a beautiful display of color and will attract pollinators to your garden. With its ease of care and ability to establish itself in a variety of soils, Henbit Dead-nettle is a delightful addition to any garden or wildflower meadow.

Another important aspect of Henbit Dead-nettle is its medicinal value. This plant has a long history of use in traditional medicine, particularly in Europe, where it was used to treat a variety of ailments such as coughs, colds, and fever. The leaves and stems of the plant contain compounds such as flavonoids, tannins, and volatile oils that are believed to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

In modern times, Henbit Dead-nettle is still used in some cultures as a natural remedy for respiratory problems. It is believed to help soothe the throat, reduce inflammation, and relieve coughing. The plant is also used to treat skin conditions, such as dermatitis, due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

Aside from its medicinal uses, Henbit Dead-nettle is also used in cooking. The leaves of the plant can be eaten fresh or dried and are often used as a seasoning in soups, stews, and salads. The leaves have a slightly bitter, slightly minty flavor and are a good source of vitamins and minerals.

Henbit Dead-nettle is a delightful and versatile plant that is well worth considering for your garden. Its ornamental value, ease of care, and medicinal uses make it a valuable addition to any garden or wildflower meadow. With its attractive purple or pink flowers, Henbit Dead-nettle is sure to brighten up your garden and provide food and habitat for pollinators.

In addition to its ornamental and medicinal benefits, Henbit Dead-nettle also has ecological value. As a wildflower, it provides important habitat and food for a variety of wildlife species, including bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. The nectar and pollen produced by the flowers of Henbit Dead-nettle are a valuable food source for these insects, especially in the early spring when other food sources may be scarce.

Henbit Dead-nettle is also an important plant for soil conservation. Its deep roots help to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, making it a valuable addition to any garden or natural area that is prone to soil erosion. Additionally, the plant's ability to establish itself in areas of bare soil makes it an ideal choice for landscaping or reforestation projects.

One important thing to note about Henbit Dead-nettle is that it is considered an invasive species in some areas, particularly in the southeastern United States. If you live in an area where Henbit Dead-nettle is considered invasive, it is important to manage its growth and spread to prevent it from outcompeting native plants. This can be done by removing seedheads before they mature and by planting other native species that will provide similar habitat and food sources for wildlife.

In conclusion, Henbit Dead-nettle is a delightful wildflower that has a variety of uses, from ornamental to medicinal and ecological. Whether you are a gardener, naturalist, or simply enjoy the beauty of wildflowers, Henbit Dead-nettle is definitely worth considering for your garden or natural area. With its attractive purple or pink flowers, easy care, and valuable benefits to wildlife and the environment, Henbit Dead-nettle is sure to be a delightful addition to your landscape.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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