Open the Advanced Search

Yellow Archangel

Lamiastrum galeobdolon

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Lamiaceae (Dead-nettle)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
45 centimetres tall
Gardens, hedgerows, woodland.

Yellow, 5 petals
Butter yellow flower, resembling those of a Dead-nettle. The flowers appear in clustered whorls up the stems. They are borne in the leaf axils.
Bell-shaped nutlets.
Dark green, long-stalked and heart-shaped. There are no conspicuous silvery blotches on the leaves like the similar looking Variegated Yellow Archangel has got.
Has an unpleasant minty smell when crushed.
Other Names:
Aluminium Plant, Artillery Plant, Weasel's Snout.
Frequency (UK):
Rarely seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Lamiastrum galeobdolon, also known as yellow archangel or variegated yellow archangel, is a perennial plant that is native to Europe and Asia. It belongs to the mint family and is known for its small, yellow flowers and variegated, green and white leaves. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is a low-growing plant that spreads quickly and is often used as a groundcover in gardens. It is easy to grow and is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and climates. Lamiastrum galeobdolon prefers partial shade to full sun and is drought-tolerant once established. The plant is generally hardy and low maintenance, but it can be prone to pests such as slugs and snails. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is also known for its medicinal properties and has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects and to determine the safety and effectiveness of using it medicinally.


Yellow Archangel, also known as Lamiastrum galeobdolon, is a perennial herb that belongs to the Lamiaceae family. This plant is native to Europe and Asia and can be found growing in damp woodlands, along riverbanks, and in other moist, shady areas.

One of the most striking features of Yellow Archangel is its vibrant yellow flowers, which bloom from late spring to early summer. The flowers are arranged in dense clusters and are a popular choice for wildflower gardens and naturalized areas.

The leaves of Yellow Archangel are also noteworthy. They are large, glossy, and green, with a slightly toothed edge. They are evergreen, which means they will remain green throughout the year. This makes the plant an excellent choice for ground cover and for adding color to a garden during the winter months.

Yellow Archangel is a hardy plant that can tolerate a wide range of conditions. It prefers partial to full shade and well-drained, moist soil. It is also tolerant of a wide range of pH levels and can grow in both sandy and clay soils.

One thing to be aware of when growing Yellow Archangel is that it can become invasive in some areas. It spreads rapidly by underground rhizomes and can quickly overtake a garden if not properly controlled. To prevent this, it is recommended to keep the plant in check by regularly removing the underground runners and by cutting back the plant after it has finished flowering.

Overall, Yellow Archangel is an attractive and versatile perennial herb that can add a splash of color to any garden. Its bright yellow flowers and evergreen leaves make it a great choice for naturalized areas and wildflower gardens, but it should be monitored to prevent it from becoming invasive.

Another great feature of Yellow Archangel is its ability to attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to the garden. The nectar-rich flowers provide a valuable food source for these important insects and birds.

In addition to its ornamental value, Yellow Archangel has also been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. The leaves and stems of the plant contain essential oils that have been used to treat various ailments such as wounds, skin irritation, and respiratory issues. It is also believed to have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.

Yellow Archangel is an easy-to-grow plant that can be propagated by division, cuttings, or seed. It can be planted in the spring or fall and should be spaced about 18 inches apart to allow for proper growth. Once established, it requires very little maintenance and can be left to grow and spread on its own.

In summary, Yellow Archangel, also known as Lamiastrum galeobdolon, is a perennial herb that adds vibrant yellow flowers and evergreen leaves to the garden. It is easy to grow, can tolerate a wide range of conditions, and attracts pollinators to the garden. However, it can become invasive if not properly controlled, so it's important to keep an eye on its growth. With its ornamental and medicinal value, it is a great addition to any garden.

Yellow Archangel can also be used as a ground cover in gardens, which can help to suppress the growth of weeds and retain moisture in the soil. Additionally, it can be grown in containers, making it a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of settings.

Another benefit of Yellow Archangel is its resistance to deer and rabbits, making it a great choice for gardens in areas where these animals are common.

In terms of care, Yellow Archangel requires regular watering during dry spells, but it does not require fertilization. It is also tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, and can withstand cold temperatures down to USDA hardiness zone 3.

In general, Yellow Archangel is a great addition to any garden, providing a combination of vibrant flowers and evergreen leaves that can be enjoyed throughout the year. Its attractive foliage and flowers make it a great choice for naturalized areas and wildflower gardens, as well as for adding color to shady spots in the garden. Its medicinal properties and resistance to pests make it a great choice for gardeners looking for a versatile and low-maintenance plant.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map