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Northern Dead-nettle

Lamium confertum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Lamiaceae (Dead-nettle)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
40 centimetres tall
Fields, gardens, seaside, wasteland.

Pink, 5 petals
The flowers appear in whorled clusters around the leaf axils. Each flower is pinkish-purple with a hooded upper lip. The flower measures about 1cm across. Northern Dead-nettle is similar in appearance to Henbit Dead-nettle (Lamium amplexicaule) but the sepals of Northern Dead-nettle are almost twice as large. 4 stamens.
The 4-sectioned fruit is brown and bristly.
An annual flower with kidney-shaped, large toothed, net-veined leaves. The leaves are stalked and appear together in opposite pairs up the stem. The stem is square in cross-section. Differs from Cut-leaved Dead-nettle (Lamium hybridum) in that its upper leaves are stalked.
Other Names:
Crowded Yellow Archangel, Intermediate Dead-Nettle, Spotted Nettle.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Lamium confertum, also known as the crowded yellow archangel or the spotted nettle, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to Europe, and is commonly found in wooded areas, meadows, and along streams and rivers. The plant has hairy leaves and stems, and produces clusters of small, yellow flowers. It is often used as a groundcover plant in landscaping, and is known for its ability to thrive in shade. Lamium confertum is also known for its ability to tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. The leaves of the plant are sometimes used in herbal remedies, and the plant has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments.


Northern Dead-nettle (Lamium confertum) is a wildflower that is native to North America and Europe. It is part of the mint family and is known for its unique and attractive appearance. This hardy plant is often found growing in fields, along roadsides, and in disturbed areas.

The Northern Dead-nettle gets its name from its leaves, which resemble those of the dead-nettle family, but unlike the dead-nettle, it doesn't have stinging hairs. This wildflower is a herbaceous perennial that grows to a height of about 6 to 12 inches. The leaves of this plant are medium to dark green, oval in shape, and slightly hairy.

One of the most distinctive features of the Northern Dead-nettle is its flowers. They bloom from mid-spring to early fall and are typically pink, purple, or white in color. The flowers are small and tubular in shape, arranged in clusters on spikes above the leaves. The blooms are attractive to pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

The Northern Dead-nettle is a low-maintenance plant that can be grown in a variety of soil types, but prefers well-drained soils. It is also drought-tolerant and can grow in partial to full shade. This plant is often used in wildflower gardens and naturalized areas, as well as in rock gardens, along borders, and as ground cover.

One of the best things about the Northern Dead-nettle is that it is a long-lasting plant. Once established, it can persist for several years, spreading through underground runners. This makes it an ideal choice for planting in areas where you don't want to spend a lot of time maintaining your garden.

The Northern Dead-nettle is a unique and attractive wildflower that is well-suited for gardens and naturalized areas. Its low-maintenance requirements and long-lasting nature make it an ideal choice for gardeners of all skill levels.

In addition to its ornamental value, the Northern Dead-nettle is also valued for its medicinal properties. The leaves and stems of this plant contain compounds that have been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive problems, skin conditions, and respiratory issues.

For example, the leaves and stems of the Northern Dead-nettle can be made into a tea that is believed to soothe digestive problems, such as indigestion, bloating, and nausea. The tea can also be used to help alleviate symptoms of respiratory issues, such as coughs and colds.

Furthermore, the plant's leaves and stems can be used topically to treat skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis, and acne. The compounds in the plant are believed to have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that help to soothe and heal irritated skin.

It is important to note, however, that while the Northern Dead-nettle is considered to be safe when used in moderation, it is always best to consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner before using any plant for medicinal purposes.

In terms of cultivation, the Northern Dead-nettle is relatively easy to grow from seed or from division of existing plants. The plant prefers partial shade to full sun and well-drained soil. It can be propagated by division in the spring or by seeds sown in the fall. It is also important to note that the Northern Dead-nettle can become invasive in some areas, so it is important to keep an eye on its growth and to remove any unwanted plants as necessary.

In addition to its ornamental and medicinal uses, the Northern Dead-nettle is also a valuable plant for wildlife. Its flowers provide an important source of nectar for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, making it an essential plant for supporting local ecosystems.

The Northern Dead-nettle is also an important food source for many species of caterpillars, which feed on the leaves and stems of the plant. These caterpillars are, in turn, food for a variety of birds, including finches and warblers, making the Northern Dead-nettle a critical link in the food chain.

Another important aspect of the Northern Dead-nettle is its role in soil conservation. Its deep roots and spreading habit help to prevent soil erosion, making it an ideal plant for planting in areas prone to runoff or erosion. Additionally, its ability to thrive in disturbed areas makes it an ideal plant for stabilizing disturbed sites, such as abandoned lots and construction sites.

It is also worth noting that the Northern Dead-nettle is an extremely hardy plant and can tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions. It can withstand cold temperatures, drought, and even heavy foot traffic, making it an ideal plant for planting in a variety of settings.

In conclusion, the Northern Dead-nettle is not only a beautiful and versatile plant, but it also plays a critical role in supporting local ecosystems, conserving soil, and providing food and habitat for wildlife. So whether you are looking to add a touch of beauty to your garden, seeking a natural remedy for various ailments, or supporting local wildlife, the Northern Dead-nettle is definitely worth considering.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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