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Edible Carrot

Daucus carota sativus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Apiaceae (Carrot)
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
120 centimetres tall
Fields, wasteland.

White, 5 petals
A flat-topped umbel of approximately 50 small white flowers. The flowers have feathery bracts. 5 stamens.
Oval, flattened fruits with small hooks. The seeds ripen in August and September.
A biennial plant which is occasionally seen growing wild as a garden escape. The feathery looking, bright green leaves are strongly pinnately divided.
The leaves are aromatic.
Other Names:
Carrot, Cultivated Carrot.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Daucus carota sativus, also known as carrot or cultivated carrot, is a subspecies of Daucus carota, which is a species of flowering plant in the carrot family. Daucus carota sativus is widely cultivated for its edible roots, which are known as carrots. The plant is native to Europe and Asia, and is widely cultivated in other parts of the world. It is known for its small, white or pink flowers and hairy leaves. It grows well in well-drained soil and is often found in gardens, fields, and along roadsides. Daucus carota sativus is a biennial plant, meaning it takes two years to complete its life cycle. In the first year, the plant produces a rosette of leaves, and in the second year it produces a tall stem with flowers and seeds. The roots of Daucus carota sativus are edible and are commonly eaten raw or cooked. The plant is also used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments.


The edible carrot, also known as Daucus carota sativus, is a root vegetable that is widely cultivated and consumed all over the world. This versatile vegetable is well known for its sweet and crunchy taste and bright orange color. The edible carrot is one of the most nutritious and delicious vegetables available, making it an essential addition to any healthy diet.

History of Edible Carrot

The edible carrot has a rich and interesting history. It is believed to have originated in the Middle East, but was widely cultivated and consumed in Europe and Asia. Carrots were initially purple, yellow or white, and it was only in the 17th century that the bright orange carrot was developed. The orange color was chosen to pay tribute to the House of Orange in the Netherlands, and since then, the orange carrot has become the most widely cultivated and consumed variety of carrot.

Nutritional Value of Edible Carrot

The edible carrot is an excellent source of several essential nutrients. It is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, including vitamin A, potassium, and magnesium. These nutrients play an important role in maintaining good health, as they support the immune system, promote healthy skin, and protect against chronic diseases. The fiber in carrots also helps to regulate digestion and prevent constipation.

Health Benefits of Edible Carrot

The high nutritional value of the edible carrot makes it a beneficial food for the human body. Here are some of the health benefits associated with consuming this vegetable:

  1. Good for the eyes: The high level of vitamin A in carrots is essential for maintaining good vision and eye health.

  2. Supports cardiovascular health: The potassium in carrots helps to regulate blood pressure, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

  3. Anti-inflammatory: The high level of antioxidants in carrots has been shown to reduce inflammation in the body, helping to prevent chronic diseases such as arthritis and cancer.

  4. Boosts immune system: The vitamin C in carrots supports the immune system and helps to prevent infections.

  5. Promotes healthy skin: The high level of vitamin A in carrots helps to promote healthy skin, reducing the risk of skin conditions such as acne and wrinkles.

How to Incorporate Edible Carrot into Your Diet

The edible carrot is a versatile vegetable that can be consumed in a variety of ways. It can be eaten raw as a snack, added to salads, or cooked and used in a range of dishes. Some popular dishes made with carrots include roasted carrots, carrot soup, and carrot cake.

The edible carrot is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that offers a range of health benefits. With its sweet and crunchy taste and bright orange color, it is a must-have in any healthy diet. So, next time you're at the grocery store, make sure to pick up a bag of carrots and enjoy their many benefits!

Cooking with Edible Carrots

Edible carrots can be cooked in a variety of ways to bring out their natural sweetness and add flavor to dishes. Some popular cooking methods include:

  1. Roasting: Roasting carrots in the oven caramelizes their natural sugars, resulting in a sweet and tender vegetable. Simply peel and chop the carrots, toss with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and bake in the oven at 400°F for 20-30 minutes, or until tender.

  2. Boiling: Boiling is a quick and easy way to cook carrots. Simply peel and chop the carrots and boil in a pot of water for 10-15 minutes, or until tender. Boiled carrots can be mashed or pureed and used in soups or stews.

  3. Steaming: Steaming is a healthy cooking method that helps to retain the nutritional value of the carrots. Simply peel and chop the carrots, place in a steamer basket, and steam for 10-15 minutes, or until tender.

  4. Grilling: Grilling is a fun and flavorful way to cook carrots. Simply peel and chop the carrots, toss with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and grill for 5-7 minutes on each side, or until tender and slightly charred.

  5. Sauteing: Sauteing is a quick and easy way to cook carrots. Simply peel and chop the carrots, heat olive oil in a pan, and saute for 5-7 minutes, or until tender. Sauteed carrots can be flavored with herbs and spices for added flavor.

Carrots can also be used in baking, such as in carrot cake or muffins, or in juices and smoothies for a sweet and healthy boost.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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