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Cultivated Apple

Malus pumila

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Deciduous tree
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
9 metres tall
Gardens, hedgerows, scrub, wasteland.

White, 5 petals
Pinkish white in small clusters, 5 petals.
Large, fleshy and round. Can be green, yellow, pink, red or purple.
Deciduous, simple leaves growing alternate along the branches, serrated margins.
Other Names:
Domesticated Apple.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Malus pumila, also known as the apple tree or apple, is a deciduous tree that is native to Asia. It belongs to the rose family and is known for its small, white or pink flowers and medium to large, sweet fruits. Malus pumila is a medium to large tree that can reach heights of up to 30 feet (9 meters) and is often used as an ornamental tree in gardens or for fruit production. It is easy to grow and is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and climates. Malus pumila prefers full sun and is drought-tolerant once established. The tree is generally hardy and low maintenance, but it can be prone to pests such as apple scab and apple maggots. Malus pumila is also known for its medicinal properties and has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments. However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects and to determine the safety and effectiveness of using it medicinally.


Cultivated apples, scientifically known as Malus pumila, are one of the most popular and widely grown fruit crops in the world. They have been cultivated for thousands of years, with evidence of apple cultivation dating back to ancient Greece and Rome.

Apples are a deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of 15-30 feet, with a spread of 20-40 feet. They have a round shape and a dense canopy of leaves, which turn a beautiful red and gold color in the fall. The fruit of the apple tree is a round, fleshy, and juicy fruit that is typically 2-3 inches in diameter.

There are thousands of different cultivars of apples, each with its own unique flavor, texture, and appearance. Some popular cultivars include Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Gala, and Fuji. These cultivars have been specifically bred for their taste, texture, and appearance, making them ideal for commercial production.

Apples are incredibly versatile and can be eaten fresh, cooked, or used in a variety of recipes. They are a great source of vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants. They are also low in calories and fat, making them a healthy addition to any diet.

In addition to being a delicious and healthy food source, apples are also used in many other ways. They can be used to make apple cider, apple juice, apple sauce, and apple butter. They can also be used in baking, such as in apple pies, apple crisps, and apple cakes.

Apple cultivation is an important industry in many countries, including the United States, China, and Europe. These countries have developed advanced methods of cultivation and breeding, which has led to the development of new cultivars and increased production.

Overall, cultivated apples are an important and versatile fruit crop that is enjoyed by people all over the world. Whether eaten fresh, cooked, or used in a variety of recipes, apples are a delicious and healthy food that are an important part of many cultures and cuisines.

Apples are propagated mainly by grafting, which is a method of joining a cutting from one tree to the rootstock of another. This allows for the desirable characteristics of the scion (the cutting) to be combined with the root system of the rootstock. Grafting also allows for the creation of dwarf or semi-dwarf trees, which are easier to manage and harvest.

Growing apples requires a cool climate with cold winters, as well as well-draining soil and full sun. Apples are also heavy feeders and require regular fertilization and pruning. Apples are typically harvested in late summer or early fall, depending on the cultivar.

When it comes to pests and diseases, apple trees are susceptible to a variety of issues including apple scab, fire blight, and codling moth. These issues can be controlled with proper care and management, such as regular pruning and the use of pesticides if necessary.

Aside from being a tasty and healthy food, apples also have a cultural significance. For example, in some cultures, the apple is a symbol of love and fertility. In other cultures, the apple is a symbol of knowledge and wisdom. Also, in literature and art, the apple is often used as a symbol of temptation and forbidden knowledge.

In addition to being grown for consumption, apples are also used in the production of hard cider, a fermented beverage made from apple juice. Hard cider has been enjoyed for centuries, and has seen a resurgence in popularity in recent years.

Another use of apples is in the production of apple cider vinegar. This is made by fermenting apple juice to make hard cider, and then fermenting the hard cider again to turn it into vinegar. Apple cider vinegar has a variety of uses, including as a cooking ingredient, a natural remedy, and a beauty product.

Apples are also used in the production of apple brandy or Calvados in France, which is a distilled spirit made from apples. The apples are first fermented to make cider, and then distilled to make the brandy. It is aged for at least 2 years in oak barrel before it is bottled and sold.

The apple industry also creates jobs for many people, from the growers to the packers, shippers, and salespeople. Apple orchards also provide habitats for wildlife and can be integrated into sustainable farming systems.

In summary, cultivated apples are a versatile and beloved fruit that are enjoyed in many different forms and have many uses beyond just eating them fresh. The apple industry creates jobs, supports local economies, and can be integrated into sustainable farming systems. With their cultural significance and health benefits, it's no wonder why apples have been cultivated for so many years and continue to be a popular fruit crop.


Video 1: The Cultivated Apple tree in flower filmed at Pennington Flash, Lancashire on the 22nd April 2023.


Video 2: An Apple tree in fruit filmed in Chorley, Lancashire on the 9th July 2022.


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