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Japanese Rose

Rosa rugosa

Plant Data

Order:
Rosales
Family:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Flowering Months:
JAN  FEB  MAR  APR  MAY  JUN  JUL  AUG  SEP  OCT  NOV  DEC
Flowers:
Bright pink or purple solitary flowers, 5 petals.
Fruit:
Bright red fruit, known as rosehips, up to 2.5cm in diameter.
Leaves:
A deciduous scrambling shrub. Dark green, pinnate leaves that are ridged above and pale and downy beneath, up to 15cm long. There are between 5 and 9 leaflets with serrated margins. Each leaflet is up to 4cm long. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems.
Maximum Size:
2 meters tall.
Foraging Notes:
The fruit, or rosehip can be eaten raw or cooked and used to make rosehip syrup, jam, jelly and vinegar. The leaves and fruit can be dried and used to make tea. The seeds can be eaten and are high in vitamin E. They can be ground down and mixed with flour. The petals can be eaten, raw or cooked. Care is required in order to remove the seed hairs situated beneath the fruit. These hairs may cause irritation to the digestive tract and mouth if eaten.
Never consume a wild plant unless you are 100% certain that it is safe to eat and you know that you have identified it correctly.
Aroma:
Scented flowers.
Other Names:
Beach Rose, Ramanas Rose, Rugosa Rose, Rugose Rose, Saltspray Rose, Sea Rose, Wrinkled Rose.
Habitats:
Grassland, meadows, roadsides, saltmarshes, sand dunes, scrub, seaside, wasteland.