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Wild Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
20 centimetres tall
Gardens, grassland, meadows, mountains, roadsides, scrub, wasteland, woodland.

White, 5 petals
5 unnotched white petals having no gaps between them. Individual flowers up to 2cm across.
Not actually a berry despite its name. The fruit is green and later turns red. The seeds of Wild Strawberry appear on the outside surface of the fruit. Wild Strawberries are much smaller and stronger-flavoured than the cultivated varieties that you buy at the supermarket. The maximum size of the fruit is 1cm in diameter.
A compound, glossy, long-stalked leaf with 3 leaflets. Each leaflet is toothed and the teeth are pointed. The leaf darkens with age. The underside of the leaf is paler than the upper surface.
Sweetly aromatic. The 'fraga' part of fragaria in the Latin name refers to the fragrance of Strawberry.
Other Names:
Alpine Strawberry, Carpathian Strawberry, European Strawberry, Wood Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Fragaria vesca, commonly known as wild strawberry or woodland strawberry, is a species of strawberry native to Europe, Asia, and North America. It is a perennial herb that typically grows to be around 10-20 cm tall. It has a creeping habit, with small, trifoliate leaves and white flowers that bloom in the spring and early summer. The fruit is small, red, and flavorful, and is often used in desserts and jams. Wild strawberry is often found growing wild in woodlands and meadows, but it can also be cultivated in gardens. The plant is hardy and can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. It is used in traditional medicine and it's a good source of vitamin C, manganese and antioxidants.


Wild Strawberry, or Fragaria vesca, is a small, fragrant, and delicious fruit that can be found in many parts of the world. It is a member of the rose family, and is closely related to other popular berries such as raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries. Wild Strawberry is also known by other names, including Alpine Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry, and European Strawberry.

Appearance and Habitat

Wild Strawberry is a low-growing, herbaceous perennial plant that can reach a height of about 6-8 inches. It has trifoliate leaves that are light green in color, and the flowers are usually white or pink with five petals. The fruit is small, usually measuring about 1 cm in diameter, and is bright red in color with a slightly conical shape. The fruit is covered with small seeds on its surface, which gives it a slightly gritty texture when eaten.

Wild Strawberry can be found in many different types of habitats, including woodlands, meadows, and grasslands. It is often found growing in open areas with good sunlight exposure, and can be found in both temperate and subarctic regions. It is also a popular garden plant, and many people grow it in their own backyards.

Nutrition and Culinary Uses

Wild Strawberry is a nutritious and delicious fruit, and it has been used for centuries in various culinary and medicinal practices. The fruit is low in calories and high in vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. It is also rich in antioxidants, which have been shown to have numerous health benefits.

Wild Strawberry can be eaten fresh or used in various culinary preparations, including jams, jellies, sauces, and desserts. It is a popular ingredient in smoothies and fruit salads, and it can also be used to flavor baked goods such as cakes, muffins, and tarts. The leaves of Wild Strawberry can also be used to make tea, which has a refreshing and slightly sweet taste.

Medicinal Properties

Wild Strawberry has a long history of medicinal use, and it has been used to treat various ailments and conditions. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, and it has been used to treat conditions such as diarrhea, indigestion, and menstrual cramps. The leaves of Wild Strawberry have also been used to make poultices for wounds and skin irritations.

Wild Strawberry is a delightful and versatile fruit that is loved by many. It is easy to grow and maintain, and it has numerous health benefits and culinary uses. Whether you enjoy it fresh or incorporate it into your favorite recipes, Wild Strawberry is sure to delight your taste buds and provide you with a range of health benefits.

Cultivation and Propagation

Wild Strawberry can be grown easily in the garden, and it requires little maintenance once established. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. The plants can be grown from seed or propagated through division. They also send out runners, which can be used to propagate new plants. Wild Strawberry plants can be harvested after two years of growth, and they will continue to produce fruit for several years.

Ecological Role

Wild Strawberry plays an important role in many ecosystems, as it provides food for a variety of animals and insects. Birds, small mammals, and insects such as bees and butterflies are all attracted to the fruit and flowers of Wild Strawberry. It is also an important food source for many types of caterpillars, which in turn provide food for other animals such as birds and small mammals. Wild Strawberry also helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, and it can be used in the garden as a ground cover or in rock gardens.

Wild Strawberry Varieties

There are many different varieties of Wild Strawberry, each with their own unique characteristics. Some popular varieties include:

  1. White Soul - a variety with white flowers and small, sweet fruit
  2. Yellow Wonder - a variety with yellow fruit that has a slightly tart taste
  3. Pineapple Crush - a variety with a pineapple-like flavor and aroma
  4. Alexandria - a variety with large, juicy fruit that is good for making jam and jelly
  5. Reine des Vallees - a variety with large, flavorful fruit that is good for eating fresh

In conclusion, Wild Strawberry is a delightful and versatile fruit that is loved by many for its taste, health benefits, and ecological role. Whether grown in the garden or found in the wild, Wild Strawberry is a treasure that should be appreciated and enjoyed.

Uses in Traditional Medicine

Wild Strawberry has a long history of use in traditional medicine, and it has been used for various ailments in different cultures around the world. The fruit and leaves of the plant have been used to treat digestive issues, sore throats, and skin irritations. The fruit has also been used as a diuretic and a mild laxative. Additionally, the leaves have been used to help relieve menstrual cramps and reduce inflammation.

Modern Research

Recent scientific research has shown that Wild Strawberry contains several compounds with potential health benefits. These compounds include anthocyanins, flavonoids, and ellagic acid, which are all powerful antioxidants. These antioxidants help to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, which can lead to chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.

Studies have also shown that Wild Strawberry may have anti-inflammatory properties. Inflammation is a key factor in many chronic diseases, and reducing inflammation can help improve overall health. Additionally, some studies have suggested that Wild Strawberry may have antimicrobial and anticancer effects.

In addition to its potential health benefits, Wild Strawberry has been used in the cosmetic industry for its skin-nourishing properties. It is rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, which can help to protect and repair skin cells. Wild Strawberry is also a natural source of alpha-hydroxy acids, which can help to exfoliate and brighten the skin.

Wild Strawberry is a delicious and versatile fruit that has been valued for its taste, nutritional content, and medicinal properties for centuries. It is easy to grow and maintain, and it can be enjoyed fresh or used in a variety of culinary preparations. With its potential health benefits and ecological role, Wild Strawberry is a treasure that should be appreciated and preserved.

Culinary Uses

Wild Strawberry is a favorite of many for its sweet and juicy flavor, which is often described as a blend of strawberry, raspberry, and pineapple. The fruit can be enjoyed fresh or used in a variety of culinary preparations. Some popular ways to use Wild Strawberry include:

  1. Fresh: Wild Strawberry is a delicious snack on its own, or it can be added to fruit salads, yogurt, or smoothies for a burst of flavor.

  2. Jams and Preserves: Wild Strawberry is a great choice for making jams and preserves because of its high pectin content. It can also be combined with other fruits, such as rhubarb or raspberries, to create a unique flavor.

  3. Baked Goods: Wild Strawberry can be used in a variety of baked goods, such as pies, tarts, and muffins. It pairs well with other fruits, such as blueberries or peaches, and can also be combined with savory ingredients, such as balsamic vinegar or goat cheese.

  4. Beverages: Wild Strawberry can be used to flavor a variety of beverages, such as lemonade, tea, and cocktails. It can also be used to make a refreshing and nutritious smoothie.

  5. Sauces and Syrups: Wild Strawberry can be used to make delicious sauces and syrups that can be used to flavor ice cream, pancakes, or waffles.

In summary, Wild Strawberry is a versatile and delicious fruit that can be used in a variety of culinary preparations. Whether enjoyed fresh, baked into a dessert, or used to make a sauce or preserve, Wild Strawberry is sure to delight the taste buds and provide numerous health benefits.

More Facts about Wild Strawberry

Fun Facts about Wild Strawberry:

  1. Wild Strawberry is one of the few fruits that has its seeds on the outside. Each "seed" on the surface of the fruit is actually a tiny fruit with a single seed inside.

  2. The Latin name for Wild Strawberry, Fragaria vesca, means "fragrant little fruit."

  3. Wild Strawberry is a member of the rose family, along with other fruits such as apples, cherries, and raspberries.

  4. Wild Strawberry was used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes, and it was also used as a natural sweetener and a flavoring for food.

  5. Wild Strawberry is the official state fruit of Delaware.

  6. Wild Strawberry is often used as a natural dye, and the fruit can be used to give a pink or red color to fabric or paper.

  7. Wild Strawberry has been used in folklore and mythology as a symbol of love, purity, and abundance.

  8. Wild Strawberry is rich in vitamin C, which is important for immune function, skin health, and wound healing.

  9. Wild Strawberry leaves can be brewed into a tea that is believed to help alleviate digestive issues and menstrual cramps.

  10. Wild Strawberry is one of the first fruits to ripen in the spring, and it is a favorite food of many animals, including birds, squirrels, and deer.


Wild Strawberry filmed behind Scout Scar Car Park, Cumbria on the 16th July 2022.


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Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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