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Garden Strawberry

Fragaria × ananassa

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
20 centimetres tall
Gardens, wasteland.

White, 5 petals
The flowers are white with unnotched petals. Pollinated by insects.
The fruit is a green berry, later turning red. The seeds are visible on the outside surfaces of the fruits. The stalks of the flowers and fruits are less erect than those of Wild Strawberry (Fragaria vesca). The seeds ripen from June to August.
A hairy perennial flower, hybrid of garden origin. The leaves are trefoil and toothed. Like a large Wild Strawberry. Can be found on waste ground, especially on railway embankments.
Frequency (UK):
Occasionally seen  

Similar Species

Other Information


Fragaria × ananassa, commonly known as the garden strawberry, is a hybrid species of strawberry. It is a cross between Fragaria virginiana from North America and Fragaria chiloensis from Chile. The species is widely cultivated for its sweet, red fruit, which is commonly used in desserts, jams, and other culinary applications. The plant is a herbaceous perennial that typically grows to be around 20 cm tall, with a rosette of leaves and white flowers. The fruit is produced on runners, which are shoots that grow out from the base of the plant. Garden strawberry is one of the most popular fruit crops in the world. It's grown in many places, including Europe, North and South America, and Asia.


Garden Strawberry, or Fragaria × ananassa, is a hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, which belongs to the Rosaceae family. This delicious fruit is a popular addition to many meals and desserts, and is also used to make jams, jellies, and other preserves. In this blog post, we will explore the history, cultivation, and health benefits of garden strawberries.


The garden strawberry is a hybrid between two wild strawberry species: Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis. This hybridization occurred in the 18th century in Europe, and since then, garden strawberries have become one of the most popular and widely cultivated fruits in the world.


Garden strawberries are typically grown from runners, or stolons, which are small shoots that grow from the main plant. These runners can be removed and planted in new soil to create new strawberry plants. Garden strawberries prefer well-drained, slightly acidic soil and full sun, and they should be watered regularly to prevent the soil from drying out.

Garden strawberries can be grown in a variety of settings, including gardens, containers, and hanging baskets. When growing strawberries in containers, it is important to choose a container with drainage holes and to use a high-quality potting mix. Hanging baskets can be a great option for those with limited space, as they can be hung from balconies, patios, or other outdoor areas.

Health Benefits

In addition to being delicious, garden strawberries are also packed with a variety of health benefits. They are a good source of vitamin C, which is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system. They also contain dietary fiber, which can help regulate digestion and prevent constipation. Additionally, garden strawberries are a good source of antioxidants, which can help reduce inflammation in the body and lower the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer.

Garden strawberries are a delicious and healthy fruit that are easy to grow and cultivate. Whether you are looking to add them to your garden, container, or hanging basket, they are a great addition to any outdoor space. With their numerous health benefits and versatility in the kitchen, it's no wonder that garden strawberries have become one of the most beloved fruits in the world.

Uses in Cooking

Garden strawberries are incredibly versatile and can be used in a variety of sweet and savory dishes. They are a common ingredient in desserts, such as strawberry shortcake, strawberry ice cream, and strawberry cheesecake. They can also be used in jams, jellies, and other preserves.

But strawberries are not just for sweet dishes. They can also be used in savory dishes such as salads, salsas, and even as a topping for grilled meats. The sweet and tart flavor of strawberries pairs well with many other flavors, making them a great addition to a wide range of dishes.

Seasonal Availability

Garden strawberries are typically in season in the late spring and early summer, depending on the climate and growing conditions. However, with advances in farming technology, strawberries can now be grown year-round in some regions.

When shopping for garden strawberries, it's best to choose berries that are plump, firm, and brightly colored. Avoid berries that are mushy, bruised, or discolored, as these are signs that the berries are overripe or may be spoiled.

Garden strawberries are a delicious and healthy fruit that can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. Whether you grow them in your garden, pick them up at your local farmers' market, or purchase them at the grocery store, they are a great addition to any meal or dessert. So the next time you're looking for a sweet and healthy treat, consider reaching for some garden strawberries!

Environmental Impact

While garden strawberries are a delicious and healthy fruit, their production can have a negative impact on the environment. Traditional strawberry farming practices often rely heavily on pesticides and fertilizers, which can pollute soil and water and harm local wildlife. Additionally, the transportation of strawberries from one location to another can contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental issues.

To reduce the environmental impact of strawberry farming, many farmers are now turning to more sustainable and eco-friendly practices. This includes the use of organic and biodynamic farming methods, which avoid the use of harmful chemicals and focus on building healthy soil and ecosystems. Additionally, some farmers are using local distribution methods to reduce transportation emissions and support the local economy.

Alternative Varieties

In addition to the traditional garden strawberry, there are many other varieties of strawberries that can be grown and enjoyed. For example, wild strawberries are a smaller and more tart variety of strawberry that can be found in some regions. Alpine strawberries are another variety that are often grown for their unique flavor and ornamental value.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in heirloom and rare varieties of strawberries, which can offer unique flavors and colors. These varieties are often grown by small-scale farmers and sold at farmers' markets and specialty food stores.

Overall, garden strawberries are a delicious and healthy fruit that are enjoyed around the world. From their history and cultivation to their health benefits and environmental impact, there is much to learn and appreciate about this beloved fruit. Whether you are a gardener, a food enthusiast, or simply a lover of strawberries, there is always more to discover about this versatile and delicious fruit.


As mentioned earlier, garden strawberries are typically grown from runners, which can be easily propagated to create new plants. However, it is also possible to grow strawberries from seed, although this process can be more challenging and time-consuming.

To grow strawberries from seed, it's best to start with fresh, high-quality seeds and a well-draining seed-starting mix. Seeds should be started indoors in late winter or early spring, and kept moist and warm until they sprout. Once the seedlings have grown large enough, they can be transplanted into larger containers or directly into the garden.

Pests and Diseases

Like all plants, garden strawberries can be susceptible to pests and diseases. Common pests that can affect strawberries include aphids, spider mites, and slugs, while common diseases include gray mold and powdery mildew.

To prevent pests and diseases, it's important to keep the plants healthy and well-maintained. This includes regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning, as well as removing any dead or diseased leaves and fruit. Additionally, using natural pest control methods such as introducing beneficial insects or using organic pest control products can help keep pests and diseases at bay.

Garden strawberries are a delicious and versatile fruit that can be grown and enjoyed in a variety of ways. Whether you are a gardener, a cook, or simply a lover of strawberries, there is much to learn and appreciate about this beloved fruit. From their history and cultivation to their health benefits and environmental impact, there is always more to discover about garden strawberries.

Health Benefits

In addition to their delicious flavor, garden strawberries are also packed with nutrients and health benefits. They are low in calories and high in fiber, making them a great addition to any healthy diet. They are also a good source of vitamin C, which can help boost the immune system and support healthy skin and hair.

Furthermore, garden strawberries contain a variety of antioxidants, which can help protect the body against oxidative stress and inflammation. Some of these antioxidants, such as anthocyanins and ellagic acid, have been linked to a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease.

Garden strawberries also contain high levels of potassium, which can help regulate blood pressure and support heart health. Additionally, they are a good source of folate, which is important for healthy fetal development during pregnancy.

Incorporating garden strawberries into your diet is a great way to enjoy their delicious flavor while also reaping the many health benefits they offer.

Culinary and Medicinal Uses

Beyond their use in cooking and baking, garden strawberries have a long history of medicinal use. They have been used to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive issues, skin conditions, and sore throats. The leaves and roots of the strawberry plant are also used in some traditional medicines, and are believed to have diuretic and astringent properties.

In addition to their traditional medicinal uses, strawberries have also been the subject of scientific research for their potential health benefits. Some studies have found that strawberry consumption may be linked to a reduced risk of heart disease, cognitive decline, and certain types of cancer.

Overall, garden strawberries are a delicious and healthy fruit that can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. Whether you eat them fresh, cook with them, or use them for medicinal purposes, they offer a range of benefits for both your taste buds and your health.

Cultural Significance

Garden strawberries have a long history of cultural significance, dating back to ancient times. The ancient Romans and Greeks both believed that strawberries had medicinal properties and used them to treat a variety of ailments.

In medieval Europe, strawberries were a symbol of purity and were often used in religious art to represent the blood of Christ. The fruit was also highly valued for its medicinal properties, and was used to treat everything from bad breath to fever.

In more recent times, garden strawberries have become a beloved symbol of summer and are often associated with picnics, outdoor gatherings, and romantic occasions. They are also a popular ingredient in a variety of desserts, from classic strawberry shortcake to more modern creations such as strawberry cheesecake and strawberry ice cream.

In many cultures around the world, garden strawberries are also seen as a symbol of love and romance. In some traditions, strawberries are even said to have aphrodisiac properties and are thought to enhance romantic feelings and energy.

Whether enjoyed for their cultural significance, health benefits, or delicious flavor, garden strawberries continue to be a beloved and versatile fruit that is enjoyed around the world.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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