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False Salmonberry

Rubus spectabilis

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
2 metres tall
Gardens, hedgerows, riverbanks, riversides, roadsides, scrub, seaside, waterside, woodland.

Pink, 5 petals
The salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) produces delicate, pinkish-red flowers in early spring that are a source of beauty and nectar for local pollinators. These blossoms consist of five petals and are characterised by their graceful, slightly drooping appearance. The soft, pastel-coloured petals form a striking contrast with the fresh green leaves of the shrub. As the flowers unfurl, they reveal a cluster of bright yellow stamens at their centre, adding a touch of vibrancy to their otherwise subtle hue. These enchanting salmonberry blooms lend a charming and whimsical quality to the British garden landscape, heralding the arrival of warmer weather and the promise of delicious, ruby-red berries to come.
The fruit of the salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) is a delectable and uniquely British treat, reminiscent of a small, elongated raspberry. These succulent, reddish-orange berries mature in late summer and are known for their sweet, slightly tart flavour. Their flesh is tender and juicy, while the numerous small seeds embedded within add a delightful crunch. With a colour that ranges from pale orange to deep red, salmonberries not only capture the essence of the season but also offer a taste of the British countryside's diverse and mouthwatering wild fruit offerings. Whether enjoyed fresh from the bush or incorporated into jams, jellies, or desserts, salmonberries are a delightful addition to the UK's rich tapestry of homegrown fruits.
The leaves of the salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) are characteristic of the shrub, with their pinnately compound structure and bright green, serrated edges. Each leaf comprises several leaflets, usually numbering five or seven, which fan out from a central stem. These leaflets are elliptical or ovate in shape, giving the foliage an elegant appearance. The upper surface of the leaves is smooth and shiny, while the lower surface often exhibits a slightly paler hue. The leaves provide a lush and verdant backdrop to the salmonberry's beautiful flowers and delicious fruit, adding to the appeal of this native British plant in the garden landscape.
The salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) possesses a delicate and subtle aroma that captures the essence of the British countryside. When in bloom, the fragrant scent of its pinkish-red flowers wafts through the air, offering a gentle and inviting sweetness. However, unlike some more pungent blossoms, the salmonberry's aroma is understated, evoking a sense of tranquillity and natural beauty rather than overpowering the senses. This faint, charming fragrance enhances the sensory experience of encountering salmonberry bushes in the British landscape, providing a subtle olfactory delight that harmonises with the surrounding flora.
Other Names:
Salmon Raspberry.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Rubus spectabilis, also known as the salmonberry or the salmon raspberry, is a species of bramble that is native to western North America, from Alaska to California. It is a deciduous, thorny shrub that can grow up to 6 feet tall. It has large, lobed leaves and produces clusters of pink or red flowers in spring, followed by edible fruit that is similar in appearance to a raspberry but is typically smaller and has a more orange or salmon color. The fruit is sweet and juicy, but it has a short season and is not commonly cultivated.

In its native habitat, it is an important food source for wildlife, including bears, birds, and insects. It is also used by indigenous people for food and medicinal purposes. Due to its attractive flowers and fruit, it is sometimes used as an ornamental plant.

It can be found growing in coastal areas, in moist forested areas and along stream banks, it can tolerate shade and can grow well in moist soil. It is also considered a weed in some regions, due to its ability to spread quickly by rooting at the nodes of its trailing stems.


False Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) is a species of bramble that is native to the Pacific coast of North America, ranging from Alaska to California. The plant is commonly referred to as "false" salmonberry because it resembles the salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis) in appearance, but the two are not closely related. In this blog post, we will delve into the characteristics and natural habitat of the False Salmonberry, its importance to local wildlife, and some interesting facts about the plant.

Characteristics and Natural Habitat

False Salmonberry is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall. It has a spread of about 6 to 8 feet and is commonly found along streams, in wet forests, and along the coast. The plant is known for its clusters of pink to red flowers that bloom in early spring, making it a popular ornamental plant for landscaping. The flowers are followed by edible yellow-red fruit that is juicy and has a tart taste, but is not commonly consumed by humans due to its small size.

The leaves of the False Salmonberry are typically about 3 inches long and are composed of 3-5 leaflets. They are green and glossy on the top, and lighter in color on the bottom. The stems are thick and woody, and are covered in small prickles. The plant is hardy and can tolerate a wide range of soils and growing conditions, which makes it a popular ornamental plant for landscaping.

Importance to Local Wildlife

False Salmonberry is an important source of food and habitat for a variety of wildlife species in its natural range. The fruit is a popular food source for birds, such as the American robin and the cedar waxwing, as well as for small mammals like raccoons and squirrels. In addition, the plant provides cover and nesting sites for a variety of bird species, making it an important component of the ecosystem in its natural range.

Interesting Facts about False Salmonberry

  1. False Salmonberry is a member of the Rosaceae family, which includes many other well-known plants, such as apples, roses, and strawberries.

  2. The plant is also known by several other common names, including Alaska bramble, Pacific bramble, and western bramble.

  3. In some indigenous cultures in North America, the stems of the False Salmonberry were used to make baskets, while the roots were used for medicinal purposes.

  4. False Salmonberry is not widely cultivated commercially, but it is sometimes grown in home gardens for ornamental purposes or for its fruit.

In conclusion, False Salmonberry is a unique and valuable species that plays an important role in the ecosystem of the Pacific coast of North America. With its showy flowers and juicy fruit, it is also a popular ornamental plant for landscaping. Whether you are an avid gardener or just appreciate the beauty of nature, False Salmonberry is definitely worth learning more about.

Cultivation of False Salmonberry

False Salmonberry is a relatively low-maintenance plant that is well-suited for home gardens. It is hardy and can grow in a range of soil types, but it prefers moist, well-drained soil in full to partial sun. The plant is tolerant of salt spray, making it a good choice for coastal gardens.

To propagate False Salmonberry, you can plant seeds, take cuttings, or divide the roots. The plant grows best in soil that is consistently moist but not waterlogged, and it is important to water it regularly during dry periods. If you are planting False Salmonberry in a garden, it is best to give it plenty of room to spread out, as it can become quite dense over time.

It is also important to note that False Salmonberry can be invasive in some areas, so it is best to check with your local gardening authorities before planting it to make sure it is appropriate for your area.

Benefits of False Salmonberry for Wildlife

False Salmonberry is an important source of food and habitat for wildlife, providing a valuable resource for birds and other wildlife. In addition to its fruit, the plant also provides cover and nesting sites for a variety of bird species, making it an important component of the ecosystem in its natural range.

False Salmonberry is also a good option for wildlife gardens, as it provides food and habitat for a wide range of species. By including False Salmonberry in your garden, you can help support local wildlife and promote biodiversity.

In Conclusion

False Salmonberry is a hardy, attractive plant that is well-suited for home gardens, especially for those in coastal areas. With its showy flowers and juicy fruit, it is a popular ornamental plant, and it also provides food and habitat for a variety of wildlife species. If you are looking for a unique and valuable plant for your garden, False Salmonberry is definitely worth considering. Just make sure to check with your local gardening authorities to ensure it is appropriate for your area, and to find out more about its specific cultivation requirements.


Video 1: False Salmonberry in flower filmed in Blackrod, Lancashire on the 1st and 7th of April 2023.


Video 2: Salmonberry in fruit filmed at Rydal Water in the Lake District on the 17th June 2023.


Music credits
Prelude No. 1 by Chris Zabriskie is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license.

Video 3: A double-flowered Salmonberry filmed at Eskdale in the Lake District on the 29th April 2023.


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Distribution Map

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