Open the Advanced Search


Rubus fruticosus

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
3 metres tall
Fields, gardens, hedgerows, moorland, mountains, roadsides, scrub, towns, wasteland, woodland.

White, 5 petals
5 petals of white or pink, sepals down-turned in fruit, 3cm wide.
The berries are commonly known as 'blackberries'. Dark purple to black aggregated seeded drupelets. The less frequent Dewberry is similar-looking to Bramble but the fruit of Dewberry is purplish-blue, whereas Blackberry is purplish-black.
Compound leaves, 3 -7 toothed leaflets.
Other Names:
Bly, Brambleberry, Bramble-kite, Brameberry, Brombeere, Brummel, Caneberry, European Blackberry, Hindberry, Scaldhead, Shrubby Blackberry, Wild Blackberry.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Rubus fruticosus is a species of flowering plant in the rose family, native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It is a large shrub with thorny stems and compound leaves, and it produces clusters of small, pink flowers in the summer. The plant is also known as the blackberry bush, and it is prized for its edible fruit, which is sweet and flavorful when ripe. Blackberries are a good source of vitamins and minerals, and they have a number of health benefits. They are often used in cooking, and are popular in pies, jams, and other sweet treats.


Bramble, also known as Rubus fruticosus, is a species of berry-producing shrub that is commonly found in temperate regions of the world. The plant is native to Europe and Asia and has been introduced to many other parts of the world, including North America, where it has become an important crop. Brambles are popular for their delicious and sweet berries, which are used in many different culinary applications, from baked goods and jams to wines and syrups.

The bramble shrub is a highly adaptable plant, capable of growing in a wide range of soils and climatic conditions. It can grow up to 3 meters tall and can form dense, thorny thickets, which make it ideal for use as a natural barrier or fence. Brambles are also known for their ability to spread quickly, which can make them a bit of a nuisance if not properly managed.

The bramble berry is a sweet and juicy fruit that is typically harvested in late summer or early fall. The berries come in a variety of colors, including black, red, and yellow, and are often used in the preparation of baked goods, jams, syrups, and other sweet treats. Brambles are also a good source of vitamins and antioxidants, making them a nutritious and delicious addition to any diet.

Bramble cultivation is relatively simple and can be done in a variety of ways, including growing the plant in the ground or in containers. The shrubs are best planted in the spring and will begin to produce fruit within a few years. Proper care, including pruning, fertilizing, and regular watering, will help ensure a healthy and productive crop of bramble berries.

In addition to its culinary uses, brambles also have a long history of medicinal uses. The leaves, roots, and bark of the bramble plant have been used for centuries to treat a wide range of ailments, including digestive problems, skin conditions, and respiratory issues. Some traditional healers also believe that bramble can help boost the immune system and improve overall health and wellness.

Brambles are also an important source of food for many wildlife species, including birds, squirrels, and deer. The shrubs provide a source of shelter and nesting sites for birds, and their fruit is an important food source for many small mammals. Brambles are also an important component of many natural ecosystems, providing habitat for a wide range of plant and animal species.

Despite its many benefits, bramble can also have a negative impact on natural ecosystems when it is allowed to spread unchecked. The shrub can quickly take over an area, reducing the diversity of plant and animal species that can thrive in that area. It is important for landowners to properly manage brambles to prevent them from spreading too far and having a negative impact on the environment.

In recent years, the popularity of bramble has increased due to a growing interest in locally grown and sustainable food. Bramble berries can be easily grown in home gardens, and they are often sold at farmers' markets and specialty food stores. Whether enjoyed fresh or used in cooking and baking, bramble is a delicious and nutritious fruit that is sure to become a staple in many kitchens.

Bramble cultivation can be done on a small scale in home gardens or on a larger scale for commercial production. When grown on a commercial scale, bramble plants are usually grown in rows and trained to grow along a trellis or support system to make harvesting easier. The plants are often pruned regularly to maintain their shape and to encourage new growth, which will result in more fruit production.

In order to maximize berry production and ensure high-quality fruit, it is important to choose the right cultivar for your growing conditions. There are many different cultivars available, each with its own unique set of characteristics, including berry size, flavor, and disease resistance. When selecting a cultivar, it is important to consider factors such as the climate, soil type, and the intended use of the fruit.

In addition to choosing the right cultivar, proper care and maintenance are key to ensuring a successful bramble crop. Regular pruning, fertilization, and pest control measures are all important components of bramble care. Brambles are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including powdery mildew, cane blight, and spider mites, so it is important to be vigilant in monitoring for these problems and taking appropriate action to control them.

Bramble berries are a versatile and delicious fruit that can be used in many different culinary applications. From baked goods and jams to syrups and wines, bramble berries add a sweet and tangy flavor to many dishes. The fruit can also be enjoyed fresh or frozen for later use.

Brambles are also a popular ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products, thanks to their high levels of antioxidants and other nutrients. The oil extracted from bramble seeds is a rich source of essential fatty acids and is commonly used in skin care products for its moisturizing and nourishing properties. Bramble leaves and bark are also used in some traditional remedies for their skin-healing properties.

The versatility of bramble makes it a popular choice for landscaping and ornamental plantings. In addition to its edible berries, bramble also has attractive foliage and white or pink flowers that are attractive to pollinators. It can be used as a hedge, a ground cover, or a focal point in a mixed border. Some cultivars have ornamental qualities, such as attractive fall color or striking foliage patterns.

In conclusion, bramble (Rubus fruticosus) is a multi-faceted plant that has a long history of use for food, medicine, and ornamental purposes. Whether enjoyed for its delicious berries, its medicinal properties, its importance to wildlife, or its ornamental appeal, bramble is a plant that offers something for everyone. With proper care and cultivation, bramble can be a valuable and rewarding addition to any landscape or garden. Whether grown for personal consumption or for sale, bramble is sure to be a staple in many gardens for many years to come.


Bramble filmed around Lancashire on various dates in 2022. The video shows Bramble in flower and fruit.


Please remember to Like and Subscribe to the WildFlowerWeb YouTube channel at

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

Click to open an Interactive Map