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Rubus idaeus

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Stone Bramble, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
2 metres tall
Fields, gardens, heathland, hedgerows, meadows, roadsides, scrub, wasteland, waterside, woodland.

White, 5 petals
The flowers of the Raspberry plant (Rubus idaeus) are small and delicate. They typically feature five white or pale pink petals with a central cluster of golden-yellow stamens. These flowers are known for their simplicity and elegance, creating a charming and visually appealing contrast against the lush green foliage of the plant. Raspberry flowers are perfect examples of the beauty found in nature's subtlety.
The fruit of the Raspberry plant (Rubus idaeus) is a small, soft, and juicy berry. These berries are typically red in colour, but there are also varieties with black, yellow, or even purple raspberries. Each berry is made up of numerous individual drupelets clustered together, creating a bumpy and textured appearance. Raspberries are known for their sweet and slightly tart flavour, making them a popular choice for desserts, jams, and fresh snacking. They are a delightful addition to the garden, both in taste and appearance.
A deciduous shrub with crinkly leaves. The leaves are 5 to 7 pinnate with serrated or doubly-serrated margins. The leaves alternate along the stems. The leaflets are egg-shaped and the end leaflets is stalked. The leaves are very hairy, especially on the undersides. The undersides are silvery in colour. The leaf stalks are covered in soft bristles which point downwards. Stipules are present at the bases of the leaf stalks where they meets the stem.
The Raspberry plant (Rubus idaeus) does not have a notable fragrance. It is primarily grown for its delicious berries rather than for its scent. While the leaves and stems of the plant may have a subtle green aroma, the fruit itself does not emit a distinctive fragrance. Raspberry plants are appreciated more for their taste and visual appeal than for their scent.
Other Names:
American Red Raspberry, European Raspberry, Grayleaf Red Raspberry, Red Raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Rubus idaeus, also known as red raspberry, is a species of flowering plant in the rose family, Rosaceae. It is native to Europe and Asia and is now widely cultivated in many parts of the world. The plant is known for its small, red, juicy berries that are rich in vitamin C, antioxidants, and other beneficial compounds. Raspberries are commonly consumed fresh, but can also be used to make jams, jellies, and other preserves. They are also used to make wine, and used in the production of cosmetics and health supplements. The leaves of the plant are also used in traditional medicine.


Raspberries are delicious fruits that have been enjoyed for thousands of years. They belong to the genus Rubus, which includes over 400 different species. One of the most popular species is Rubus idaeus, also known as the red raspberry or simply raspberry.

Raspberries are native to Europe, but they are now grown in many parts of the world, including North America, where they are commonly found in the wild. They are also cultivated on a large scale for commercial use.

Raspberry plants are typically grown as shrubs, although they can also be trained to grow as vines. The plants produce woody stems that can reach up to 2 meters in height, and they have large, lobed leaves that are typically green, although some varieties have purple or bronze leaves.

Raspberries are known for their delicious, sweet-tart flavor, and they are packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They are a good source of vitamin C, manganese, and dietary fiber, and they are low in calories, making them a great addition to a healthy diet.

In addition to their nutritional value, raspberries have also been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. They are rich in polyphenols, which are natural compounds that have been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. Raspberries are also a good source of ellagic acid, which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.

Raspberry plants are relatively easy to grow, and they can be cultivated in many different climates. They prefer well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight, although they can tolerate some shade. Raspberries are typically grown in rows, with each plant spaced about 60-90 centimeters apart. They can be grown from seed or from cuttings, and they typically start producing fruit in their second year.

Raspberries are usually harvested in the summer months, although the exact timing can vary depending on the variety and the climate. The berries are typically picked by hand, and they should be picked when they are fully ripe and easily detach from the plant. Raspberries are very delicate, and they can spoil quickly, so it is important to handle them carefully and store them properly.

Raspberry, Rubus idaeus, is a delicious and nutritious fruit that has been enjoyed for centuries. It is packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, and it has been used for medicinal purposes for its anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Raspberry plants are relatively easy to grow, and they can be cultivated in many different climates. Whether you grow your own raspberries or buy them at the store, they are a great addition to a healthy diet.

Raspberries are incredibly versatile and can be used in a variety of ways. They are commonly eaten fresh or used to make jams, jellies, and other preserves. They can also be used in baked goods, such as pies, cakes, and muffins, and they make a great addition to smoothies, yogurt, and cereal.

One of the most popular uses of raspberries is in desserts, particularly as a topping for ice cream or as a key ingredient in a fruit tart. They are also commonly used in cocktails and other drinks, where they add a sweet and tangy flavor.

Raspberries are also a popular ingredient in skincare products, due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. They can be used in facial masks, serums, and moisturizers to help reduce inflammation, protect against environmental stressors, and promote a healthy, youthful complexion.

There are many different varieties of raspberries, each with its own unique flavor and characteristics. Some of the most popular varieties include Heritage, Caroline, and Autumn Bliss. Each variety has its own optimal growing conditions and harvesting times, so it's important to research the specific needs of the variety you plan to grow.

In addition to the red raspberry, there are also other types of raspberries, including black raspberries and golden raspberries. These varieties have slightly different flavors and nutritional profiles, and they are worth exploring if you are a fan of raspberries.

Raspberry, Rubus idaeus, is a delicious and versatile fruit that has many uses in both culinary and medicinal applications. With their sweet-tart flavor and nutritional benefits, they are a great addition to any diet, and with their ease of cultivation, they can be grown and enjoyed by anyone, from home gardeners to commercial growers.

In addition to being delicious and nutritious, raspberries are also a sustainable crop. Raspberry plants are perennial, meaning that they can live for several years, and they require less water than many other fruits and vegetables. Additionally, raspberry plants have a shallow root system, which helps prevent soil erosion and promotes healthy soil.

Raspberry plants also provide habitat and food for a variety of wildlife, including bees, butterflies, and birds. Bees are particularly important for pollinating raspberry plants, and they play a crucial role in the production of the fruit.

Raspberry leaves can also be used to make tea, which has a mild, earthy flavor and is known for its health benefits. Raspberry leaf tea is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, and it has been used for centuries to help reduce inflammation, regulate menstrual cycles, and support healthy digestion.

Raspberry, Rubus idaeus, is a versatile and valuable fruit that has many uses and benefits. Whether you are a fan of their sweet-tart flavor or appreciate their nutritional and medicinal properties, raspberries are a great addition to any diet. They are easy to grow and maintain, and they provide a sustainable source of food and habitat for a variety of wildlife.

Raspberries have been associated with a number of health benefits due to their high content of nutrients and antioxidants. Some of these health benefits include:

  1. Improved digestion: Raspberries are high in fiber, which can help promote healthy digestion and reduce the risk of constipation.

  2. Reduced inflammation: Raspberries contain a variety of natural compounds that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as arthritis and heart disease.

  3. Lowered risk of cancer: The antioxidants found in raspberries, such as ellagic acid and quercetin, have been shown to have anti-cancer properties and may help reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, including breast, colon, and prostate cancer.

  4. Improved cardiovascular health: The nutrients and antioxidants found in raspberries may help improve heart health by reducing inflammation, lowering blood pressure, and improving cholesterol levels.

  5. Improved cognitive function: The polyphenols found in raspberries may help improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of age-related cognitive decline.

Raspberries are also low in calories and sugar, making them a great snack for those looking to maintain a healthy weight or reduce their sugar intake. They are also a good source of vitamin C, which can help boost the immune system and support healthy skin and hair.

Overall, Raspberry, Rubus idaeus, is a delicious and nutritious fruit that has been enjoyed for thousands of years. Whether you enjoy them fresh, frozen, or in a variety of culinary applications, raspberries are a great addition to a healthy diet and can provide a variety of health benefits.


Video 1: Raspberry filmed in Chorley, Lancashire on the 9th July 2022.


Video 2: Raspberry also filmed all around the Chorley area of Lancashire on the 2nd July 2023.


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Distribution Map

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