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Stone Bramble

Rubus saxatilis

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Rosaceae (Rose)
Also in this family:
Acute Leaf-lobed Lady's-mantle, Alpine Cinquefoil, Alpine Lady's-mantle, Ampfield Cotoneaster, Arran Service Tree, Arran Whitebeam, Barren Strawberry, Bastard Agrimony, Bastard Service Tree, Bearberry Cotoneaster, Bird Cherry, Blackthorn, Bloody Whitebeam, Bramble, Bristol Whitebeam, Broad-leaved Whitebeam, Broadtooth Lady's-mantle, Bronze Pirri-pirri-bur, Bullace Plum, Bullate Cotoneaster, Burnet Rose, Catacol Whitebeam, Caucasian Lady's-mantle, Cheddar Whitebeam, Cherry Laurel, Cherry Plum, Chinese Photinia, Cloudberry, Clustered Lady's-mantle, Common Agrimony, Common Hawthorn, Common Lady's-mantle, Common Medlar, Common Ninebark, Common Whitebeam, Crab Apple, Creeping Chinese Bramble, Creeping Cinquefoil, Crimean Lady's-mantle, Cultivated Apple, Cultivated Pear, Cut-leaved Blackberry, Damson, Devon Whitebeam, Dewberry, Diel's Cotoneaster, Dog Rose, Doward Whitebeam, Dropwort, Elm-leaved Bramble, English Whitebeam, Entire-leaved Cotoneaster, False Salmonberry, Field Rose, Firethorn, Fodder Burnet, Fragrant Agrimony, Franchet's Cotoneaster, Garden Lady's-mantle, Garden Strawberry, Giant Meadowsweet, Glaucous Dog Rose, Goatsbeard Spiraea, Gough's Rock Whitebeam, Great Burnet, Greengage Plum, Grey-leaved Whitebeam, Hairless Lady's-mantle, Hairy Lady's-mantle, Hautbois Strawberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Himalayan Cotoneaster, Himalayan Whitebeam, Hoary Cinquefoil, Hollyberry Cotoneaster, Hupeh Rowan, Hybrid Cinquefoil, Hybrid Geum, Irish Whitebeam, Japanese Cherry, Japanese Quince, Japanese Rose, Jew's Mallow, Juneberry, Lancaster Whitebeam, Late Cotoneaster, Least Lady's-mantle, Least Whitebeam, Leigh Woods Whitebeam, Ley's Whitebeam, Liljefor's Whitebeam, Littleleaf Cotoneaster, Llangollen Whitebeam, Llanthony Whitebeam, Lleyn Cotoneaster, Loganberry, Many-flowered Rose, Margaret's Whitebeam, Marsh Cinquefoil, Meadowsweet, Midland Hawthorn, Mougeot's Whitebeam, Mountain Ash, Mountain Avens, Mountain Sibbaldia, Moupin's Cotoneaster, No Parking Whitebeam, Ocean Spray, Orange Whitebeam, Pale Bridewort, Pale Lady's-mantle, Parsley Piert, Pirri-pirri-bur, Plymouth Pear, Portuguese Laurel, Purple-flowered Raspberry, Quince, Raspberry, Rock Cinquefoil, Rock Lady's-mantle, Rock Whitebeam, Round-leaved Dog Rose, Round-leaved Whitebeam, Rum Cherry, Russian Cinquefoil, Salad Burnet, Sargent's Rowan, Scannell's Whitebeam, Service Tree, Sharp-toothed Whitebeam, Sherard's Downy Rose, Shining Lady's-mantle, Ship Rock Whitebeam, Short-styled Rose, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Silver Lady's-mantle, Silverweed, Slender Parsley Piert, Slender-spined Bramble, Small-flowered Sweetbriar, Small-leaved Sweetbriar, Soft Downy Rose, Somerset Whitebeam, Sorbaria, Sour Cherry, Southern Downy Rose, Southern Lady's-mantle, Spineless Acaena, Spring Cinquefoil, St. Lucie's Cherry, Steeplebush, Stern's Cotoneaster, Stirton's Whitebeam, Sulphur Cinquefoil, Swedish Service Tree, Swedish Whitebeam, Sweet Briar, Symond's Yat Whitebeam, Tengyueh Cotoneaster, Thimbleberry, Thin-leaved Whitebeam, Tibetan Cotoneaster, Tormentil, Trailing Tormentil, Tree Cotoneaster, Trefoil Cinquefoil, Twin-cliffs Whitebeam, Two-spined Acaena, Wall Cotoneaster, Water Avens, Waterer's Cotoneaster, Waxy Lady's-mantle, Welsh Cotoneaster, Welsh Whitebeam, White Burnet, White's Whitebeam, White-stemmed Bramble, Wild Cherry, Wild Pear, Wild Plum, Wild Service Tree, Wild Strawberry, Willmott's Whitebeam, Willow-leaved Bridewort, Willow-leaved Cotoneaster, Wineberry, Wood Avens, Wye Whitebeam, Yellow-flowered Strawberry
Deciduous shrub
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
40 centimetres tall
Rocky places, sand dunes, woodland.

White, 5 petals
Small clusters of whitish flowers with narrow petals. 5 green sepals. Insect pollinated, in particular bees and flies.
Bright red, shiny, aggregated fruit (a drupe), 15mm across. The fruit is globular and contains large seeds. The seeds ripen between July and September.
Leaves alternate along the stems and have double-serrated margins. They are long-stalked with 3 leaflets. The leaflets are hairy beneath. The stems are either slightly prickly or not prickly at all. Stone Bramble spreads by means of runners and is perennial but the runners are biennial. Very common in Scotland, infrequent elsewhere.
Other Names:
Bunchberry, Rock Blackberry, Roebuck Berry.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Rubus saxatilis, also known as rock blackberry or stone bramble, is a species of flowering plant in the rose family. It is native to Europe and is commonly found in rocky or gravelly areas, hence its common names. Rubus saxatilis is a perennial plant that has a woody, creeping stem that can grow up to 3 meters in length. The plant has small, white flowers that are followed by edible blackberries. The leaves of Rubus saxatilis are pinnate, meaning they are divided into several leaflets that are arranged on either side of a central stem. The plant grows best in well-draining soil and prefers a sunny location. It is a hardy plant that is able to tolerate a range of growing conditions, but it does not tolerate wet soil. Rubus saxatilis is often grown for its fruit and is also used as an ornamental plant in landscaping.


Stone Bramble (Rubus saxatilis) is a species of bramble that grows wild in Europe and Asia. It is commonly found in rocky habitats, including cliffs, rocky outcrops and along streams, hence its name "saxatilis" which means "growing among rocks" in Latin.

Stone Bramble is a deciduous shrub that can reach up to 2 meters in height. Its stems are covered with sharp, bristly thorns, making it difficult to navigate through dense thickets. The leaves are green, large and compound, with 5-7 leaflets per leaf. The plant produces delicate white or pink flowers in late spring and early summer, followed by juicy, edible blackberries in late summer and early autumn.

The berries of Stone Bramble are a popular food source for wildlife, including birds, small mammals and insects. They are also collected and used by humans for culinary purposes. The berries are rich in vitamins and antioxidants, making them a nutritious and tasty addition to a variety of dishes, including pies, jams and smoothies.

Aside from its edible berries, Stone Bramble also has a long history of medicinal use. The leaves and roots of the plant have been used to treat various ailments, including wounds, digestive issues, and skin irritations. It is also believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Despite its many benefits, Stone Bramble can also be a nuisance in certain habitats. The dense, impenetrable thickets it forms can displace native plant species and make it difficult for wildlife to move through an area. Therefore, it is important to manage Stone Bramble populations in a way that balances its benefits with its potential drawbacks.

Stone Bramble is a versatile plant that is well-suited to many different types of gardens. Its attractive flowers, juicy berries, and vibrant autumn foliage make it an excellent choice for ornamental gardens. It is also a popular choice for wildlife gardens, as it provides a valuable food source for many species of birds and small mammals.

In addition to its ornamental and wildlife values, Stone Bramble is also a useful plant for erosion control. Its deep roots and dense growth habit help to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, making it an ideal choice for planting on slopes and rocky banks.

Stone Bramble is easy to grow and care for, and will thrive in most soils as long as it is in a sunny location. It can be propagated from cuttings or by layering, and will often self-seed in the garden. Pruning is recommended to maintain its shape and prevent the formation of too many thickets.

In conclusion, Stone Bramble (Rubus saxatilis) is a valuable and versatile plant that offers a multitude of benefits to gardeners, wildlife enthusiasts, and the environment. Whether you are looking to add a touch of beauty to your garden, attract wildlife, or control erosion, Stone Bramble is a plant worth considering.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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