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Oxeye Daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
For more information please download the BSBI Code of Conduct PDF document.


Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Asteraceae (Daisy)
Also in this family:
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle, Alpine Cotula, Alpine Fleabane, Alpine Saw-wort, Annual Ragweed, Annual Sunflower, Argentine Fleabane, Autumn Hawkbit, Autumn Oxeye, Beaked Hawksbeard, Beggarticks, Bilbao Fleabane, Black Knapweed, Black-eyed Susan, Blanketflower, Blue Fleabane, Blue Globe-thistle, Bristly Oxtongue, Broad-leaved Cudweed, Broad-leaved Ragwort, Brown Knapweed, Butterbur, Buttonweed, Cabbage Thistle, Canadian Fleabane, Canadian Goldenrod, Carline Thistle, Chalk Knapweed, Chamois Ragwort, Changing Michaelmas Daisy, Chicory, Chinese Mugwort, Chinese Ragwort, Coltsfoot, Common Blue Sow-thistle, Common Cat's-ear, Common Cudweed, Common Daisy, Common Dandelion, Common Fleabane, Common Goldenrod, Common Groundsel, Common Michaelmas Daisy, Common Mugwort, Common Ragwort, Common Wormwood, Coneflower, Confused Michaelmas Daisy, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Cottonweed, Creeping Thistle, Daisy Bush, Dwarf Cudweed, Dwarf Thistle, Early Goldenrod, Eastern Groundsel, Eastern Leopardsbane, Elecampane, English Hawkweed, Fen Ragwort, Feverfew, Field Fleawort, Field Wormwood, Fox and Cubs, French Tarragon, Gallant Soldier, Garden Lettuce, Giant Butterbur, Glabrous-headed Hawkweed, Glandular Globe-thistle, Glaucous Michaelmas Daisy, Globe Artichoke, Globe-thistle, Goat's Beard, Golden Ragwort, Golden Samphire, Goldilocks Aster, Grass-leaved Goldenrod, Great Lettuce, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Grey-headed Hawkweed, Guernsey Fleabane, Hairless Blue Sow-thistle, Hairless Leptinella, Hairy Michaelmas Daisy, Harpur Crewe's Leopardsbane, Hawkweed Oxtongue, Heath Cudweed, Heath Groundsel, Hemp Agrimony, Highland Cudweed, Hoary Mugwort, Hoary Ragwort, Hybrid Knapweed, Intermediate Burdock, Irish Fleabane, Jersey Cudweed, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lance-leaved Hawkweed, Lavender-cotton, Leafless Hawksbeard, Least Lettuce, Leopardplant, Leopardsbane, Leptinella, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Hawkbit, Lesser Sunflower, London Bur-marigold, Magellan Ragwort, Marsh Cudweed, Marsh Hawksbeard, Marsh Ragwort, Marsh Sow-thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Mexican Fleabane, Milk Thistle, Mountain Everlasting, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Narrow-leaved Cudweed, Narrow-leaved Hawkweed, Narrow-leaved Michaelmas Daisy, Narrow-leaved Ragwort, New England Hawkweed, New Zealand Holly, Nipplewort, Nodding Bur-marigold, Northern Hawksbeard, Norwegian Mugwort, Oxford Ragwort, Pearly Everlasting, Perennial Cornflower, Perennial Ragweed, Perennial Sow-thistle, Perennial Sunflower, Pineapple Mayweed, Plantain-leaved Leopardsbane, Ploughman's Spikenard, Plymouth Thistle, Pontic Blue Sow-thistle, Pot Marigold, Prickly Lettuce, Prickly Sow-thistle, Purple Coltsfoot, Rayed Tansy, Red Star Thistle, Red-seeded Dandelion, Red-tipped Cudweed, Robin's Plantain, Roman Chamomile, Rough Cocklebur, Rough Hawkbit, Rough Hawksbeard, Russian Lettuce, Safflower, Salsify, Saw-wort, Scented Mayweed, Scentless Mayweed, Sea Aster, Sea Mayweed, Sea Wormwood, Seaside Daisy, Shaggy Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shaggy Soldier, Shasta Daisy, Shetland Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shrub Ragwort, Sicilian Chamomile, Silver Ragwort, Slender Mugwort, Slender Thistle, Small Cudweed, Small Fleabane, Smooth Cat's-ear, Smooth Hawksbeard, Smooth Sow-thistle, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort, Spear Thistle, Spotted Cat's-ear, Spotted Hawkweed, Sticky Groundsel, Stinking Chamomile, Stinking Hawksbeard, Tall Fleabane, Tall Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Tansy, Thin-leaved Sunflower, Treasureflower, Trifid Bur-marigold, Tuberous Thistle, Tyneside Leopardplant, Viper's Grass, Wall Lettuce, Welsh Groundsel, Welted Thistle, White African Daisy, White Butterbur, White Buttons, Willdenow's Leopardsbane, Winter Heliotrope, Wood Burdock, Wood Ragwort, Woody Fleabane, Woolly Thistle, Yarrow, Yellow Chamomile, Yellow Fox and Cubs, Yellow Oxeye, Yellow Star Thistle, Yellow Thistle, York Groundsel
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
60 centimetres tall
Fields, gardens, grassland, meadows, roadsides.

White, many petals
White solitary flowers with yellow centres on sparsely leaved stalks, up to 6cm in diameter.
The central part of the flower turns into a head of brown seeds. Each flower can contain anything up to 200 seeds.
Lower leaves are spoon-shaped, stalked, smooth, fleshy, glossy and dark green. The upper leaves are alternate along the stem, deeply toothed, narrower than the lower leaves, stalkless and clasp the stem.
The whole plant has an unpleasant smell when crushed.
Other Names:
Big Daisy, Bull Daisy, Button Daisy, Common Daisy, Dog Daisy, Dog Daisy, Dun Daisy, Espibawn, Field Daisy, Goldens, Herb Margaret, Horse Daisy, Horse Gowan, Large White Gowan, Love-me, Love-me-not, Marguerite, Mathes, Maudlinwort, Midsummer Daisy, Moon Daisy, Moon Flower, Moon Penny, Poor Land Daisy, Pretty Maids, Sheriff Pink, White Cap, White Daisy, White Goldes, White Man's Weed, White Oxeye, White Weed.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Leucanthemum vulgare, also known as the common daisy, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. It is native to Europe and is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. The plant has a rosette of leaves and produces white flowers with yellow centers. The flowers are often used in bouquets and other floral arrangements. The plant is hardy and easy to grow, and is often used in landscaping and as a groundcover. It is also a popular choice for use in wildflower gardens.


Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare: The Beauty of a Weedy Wildflower

Oxeye daisy, also known as Leucanthemum vulgare, is a wildflower native to Europe and Asia that has spread all over the world, including North America. Despite its weedy reputation, this plant is beloved by many gardeners and nature enthusiasts for its cheerful, daisy-like flowers and easy-to-grow nature. In this blog, we'll take a closer look at the characteristics, cultivation, and significance of the Oxeye daisy.

Botanical Characteristics

Oxeye daisy is a hardy, herbaceous perennial that can grow up to 80 cm tall. The plant has a simple, yet attractive appearance, with a rosette of green leaves at its base and stems topped with large, white, daisy-like flowers that have yellow centers. The flowers typically bloom from June to September, bringing a burst of white and yellow to meadows and gardens.

The plant's leaves are narrow, linear and sometimes slightly toothed. The foliage is usually a bright green color and the leaves are arranged in a basal rosette at the plant's base. The plant produces clusters of flowers that grow on long, branching stems. Each flowerhead can be up to 7 cm across and consists of several rows of white ray florets surrounding a yellow central disk.


Oxeye daisy is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to grow in most soils and climates. It can tolerate partial shade and is often found growing along roadsides, in meadows, and in open woods. The plant prefers well-drained soils, but can tolerate a range of soil types, from sandy to clay.

To cultivate Oxeye daisy in your garden, plant it in a sunny location with well-drained soil. The plant can be propagated by dividing the clumps in spring or by sowing seeds in the autumn or spring. Once established, Oxeye daisy is a very resilient plant that requires little care, making it an excellent choice for a wildflower garden or a meadow.

Ecological Significance

Oxeye daisy is not only a beautiful plant but also provides important ecological benefits. Its nectar-rich flowers attract a variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and moths, which are essential for maintaining the health of ecosystems. The plant is also an important food source for many species of wildlife, including deer and rabbits.

Oxeye daisy is considered an invasive species in some parts of the world, including North America, where it has naturalized in meadows and pastures. While the plant is not native to this area, it has been introduced and has become naturalized in many regions. This can have a negative impact on the local ecology by outcompeting native plant species and altering the balance of ecosystems.

Oxeye daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare, is a versatile and attractive wildflower that has become a popular choice for gardeners and nature enthusiasts around the world. Despite its weedy reputation, the plant's beauty and ecological benefits cannot be ignored. Whether grown in a wildflower garden, a meadow, or along a roadside, Oxeye daisy is sure to add a touch of sunshine to any outdoor space.

Oxeye daisy has a rich history and cultural significance. In traditional European folklore, it was believed that the Oxeye daisy had the power to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck. The plant was also used medicinally, with the leaves and flowers being used to treat a variety of ailments, including headaches, fevers, and skin irritation.

In the language of flowers, the Oxeye daisy symbolizes innocence, purity, and happiness. It is also sometimes used as a symbol of childhood and the carefree days of summer. The Oxeye daisy has inspired many writers, poets, and artists, who have celebrated the plant's beauty and significance in their work.

Oxeye daisy is also an important source of food for many species of wildlife, including deer, rabbits, and various species of insects. The plant's leaves and stems are a source of nutritious forage for these animals, and its flowers provide a source of nectar and pollen.

The Oxeye daisy is also a popular garden plant, with many cultivars available in different colors, sizes, and forms. Gardeners often plant Oxeye daisy in mass plantings or mixed borders, where its bright, daisy-like flowers can provide a cheerful display of color. The plant is also a popular choice for cut flower arrangements, where its long-lasting blooms can add a touch of brightness to indoor spaces.

The Oxeye daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare, is a beautiful, versatile, and important plant that has captured the hearts and imaginations of people all over the world. Whether you appreciate its beauty, cultural significance, or ecological benefits, the Oxeye daisy is sure to bring a touch of happiness and joy to your life.

Oxeye daisy is also used in landscaping and agriculture. The plant's dense, vigorous growth habit makes it an effective groundcover in difficult-to-grow areas, such as steep slopes and erosion-prone areas. The plant's hardiness and resilience also make it an ideal choice for use in restoration projects and for stabilizing soil on newly constructed sites.

In agriculture, Oxeye daisy is often grown as a cover crop, providing important benefits to soil health and fertility. The plant's deep root system helps to improve soil structure, increase water retention, and reduce erosion. The plant's leaves and stems also provide a source of organic matter when incorporated into the soil, helping to improve soil fertility.

Despite its popularity, Oxeye daisy can also become a nuisance in some areas, particularly in agricultural fields, where it can reduce crop yields and become a weed problem. In these cases, it is important to control the spread of Oxeye daisy and manage the plant's growth to prevent it from becoming a problem.

Oxeye daisy is a great example of a plant that has both positive and negative aspects, depending on the context in which it is grown. In the right situation, Oxeye daisy can provide important benefits, both ecologically and aesthetically, but in the wrong situation, it can become a nuisance. As with all plants, it is important to consider the unique characteristics and requirements of Oxeye daisy before growing it in your garden or landscape.

Oxeye daisy is a beautiful and versatile plant that has many uses and benefits. Whether you are looking to add a touch of cheer to your garden, provide food and habitat for wildlife, or improve the health of your soil, Oxeye daisy is sure to provide the solution you are looking for.

One interesting fact about Oxeye daisy is that it is native to much of Europe and Asia, but has been introduced to many other parts of the world, including North America, South Africa, and Australia. In many of these locations, the plant has naturalized and become an important part of the local ecosystem.

In some cases, the spread of Oxeye daisy has led to controversy, with some people viewing the plant as a valuable addition to the landscape, while others view it as a invasive species that threatens native plant communities. This debate highlights the complex and sometimes conflicting issues that can arise when non-native plants are introduced into new environments.

Despite these controversies, Oxeye daisy remains a popular and well-loved plant, prized for its beauty and versatility. Whether you are a gardener, a naturalist, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of the outdoors, Oxeye daisy is sure to captivate and delight you with its charm and grace.

In conclusion, Oxeye daisy is a fascinating plant with a rich history and cultural significance. Whether you are growing it in your garden, admiring its beauty in the wild, or simply learning about its unique features and benefits, Oxeye daisy is sure to capture your imagination and leave a lasting impression.


Video 1: Oxeye Daisies filmed in Adlington, Lancashire on the 14th June 2022.

Video 2: Oxeye Daisies filmed in Capernwray, Lancashire on the 1st June 2023.


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Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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