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White African Daisy

Dimorphotheca pluvialis

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Asteraceae (Daisy)
Also in this family:
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle, Alpine Cotula, Alpine Fleabane, Alpine Saw-wort, Annual Ragweed, Annual Sunflower, Argentine Fleabane, Autumn Hawkbit, Autumn Oxeye, Beaked Hawksbeard, Beggarticks, Bilbao Fleabane, Black Knapweed, Black-eyed Susan, Blanketflower, Blue Fleabane, Blue Globe-thistle, Bristly Oxtongue, Broad-leaved Cudweed, Broad-leaved Ragwort, Brown Knapweed, Butterbur, Buttonweed, Cabbage Thistle, Canadian Fleabane, Canadian Goldenrod, Carline Thistle, Chalk Knapweed, Chamois Ragwort, Changing Michaelmas Daisy, Chicory, Chinese Mugwort, Chinese Ragwort, Coltsfoot, Common Blue Sow-thistle, Common Cat's-ear, Common Cudweed, Common Daisy, Common Dandelion, Common Fleabane, Common Goldenrod, Common Groundsel, Common Michaelmas Daisy, Common Mugwort, Common Ragwort, Common Wormwood, Coneflower, Confused Michaelmas Daisy, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Cottonweed, Creeping Thistle, Daisy Bush, Dwarf Cudweed, Dwarf Thistle, Early Goldenrod, Eastern Groundsel, Eastern Leopardsbane, Elecampane, English Hawkweed, Fen Ragwort, Feverfew, Field Fleawort, Field Wormwood, Fox and Cubs, French Tarragon, Gallant Soldier, Garden Lettuce, Giant Butterbur, Glabrous-headed Hawkweed, Glandular Globe-thistle, Glaucous Michaelmas Daisy, Globe Artichoke, Globe-thistle, Goat's Beard, Golden Ragwort, Golden Samphire, Goldilocks Aster, Grass-leaved Goldenrod, Great Lettuce, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Grey-headed Hawkweed, Guernsey Fleabane, Hairless Blue Sow-thistle, Hairless Leptinella, Hairy Michaelmas Daisy, Harpur Crewe's Leopardsbane, Hawkweed Oxtongue, Heath Cudweed, Heath Groundsel, Hemp Agrimony, Highland Cudweed, Hoary Mugwort, Hoary Ragwort, Hybrid Knapweed, Intermediate Burdock, Irish Fleabane, Jersey Cudweed, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lance-leaved Hawkweed, Lavender-cotton, Leafless Hawksbeard, Least Lettuce, Leopardplant, Leopardsbane, Leptinella, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Hawkbit, Lesser Sunflower, London Bur-marigold, Magellan Ragwort, Marsh Cudweed, Marsh Hawksbeard, Marsh Ragwort, Marsh Sow-thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Mexican Fleabane, Milk Thistle, Mountain Everlasting, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Narrow-leaved Cudweed, Narrow-leaved Hawkweed, Narrow-leaved Michaelmas Daisy, Narrow-leaved Ragwort, New England Hawkweed, New Zealand Holly, Nipplewort, Nodding Bur-marigold, Northern Hawksbeard, Norwegian Mugwort, Oxeye Daisy, Oxford Ragwort, Pearly Everlasting, Perennial Cornflower, Perennial Ragweed, Perennial Sow-thistle, Perennial Sunflower, Pineapple Mayweed, Plantain-leaved Leopardsbane, Ploughman's Spikenard, Plymouth Thistle, Pontic Blue Sow-thistle, Pot Marigold, Prickly Lettuce, Prickly Sow-thistle, Purple Coltsfoot, Rayed Tansy, Red Star Thistle, Red-seeded Dandelion, Red-tipped Cudweed, Robin's Plantain, Roman Chamomile, Rough Cocklebur, Rough Hawkbit, Rough Hawksbeard, Russian Lettuce, Safflower, Salsify, Saw-wort, Scented Mayweed, Scentless Mayweed, Sea Aster, Sea Mayweed, Sea Wormwood, Seaside Daisy, Shaggy Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shaggy Soldier, Shasta Daisy, Shetland Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shrub Ragwort, Sicilian Chamomile, Silver Ragwort, Slender Mugwort, Slender Thistle, Small Cudweed, Small Fleabane, Smooth Cat's-ear, Smooth Hawksbeard, Smooth Sow-thistle, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort, Spear Thistle, Spotted Cat's-ear, Spotted Hawkweed, Sticky Groundsel, Stinking Chamomile, Stinking Hawksbeard, Tall Fleabane, Tall Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Tansy, Thin-leaved Sunflower, Treasureflower, Trifid Bur-marigold, Tuberous Thistle, Tyneside Leopardplant, Viper's Grass, Wall Lettuce, Welsh Groundsel, Welted Thistle, White Butterbur, White Buttons, Willdenow's Leopardsbane, Winter Heliotrope, Wood Burdock, Wood Ragwort, Woody Fleabane, Woolly Thistle, Yarrow, Yellow Chamomile, Yellow Fox and Cubs, Yellow Oxeye, Yellow Star Thistle, Yellow Thistle, York Groundsel
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
50 centimetres tall
Gardens, rocky places.

White, many petals
The flowers of the White African Daisy are striking and vibrant, featuring daisy-like blooms that typically measure 5 to 7 centimetres in diameter. Each flower is composed of a central dark purple to black disc, surrounded by petals that are usually white, sometimes tinged with pink or purple on the undersides, creating a delicate contrast. The petals spread out in a symmetrical fashion, creating a radiant, sun-like appearance. These flowers bloom profusely in sunny conditions, adding a splash of brightness to gardens and landscapes during their flowering season.
The fruit of Dimorphotheca pluvialis is small and inconspicuous, taking the form of a dry, achene-type seed. Each achene is typically oval to oblong, with a smooth or slightly ridged surface. The seeds are usually light brown to greyish in colour, blending in easily with the soil. As the flowers fade, these achenes develop in the centre of the former blooms, eventually dispersing to the ground to propagate the next generation of plants. Although the fruit is not particularly ornamental, it plays a crucial role in the plant's life cycle by ensuring the continuation of the species.
The leaves of Dimorphotheca pluvialis are lanceolate to oblong in shape, with a slightly toothed or wavy margin. They are a vibrant green, providing a lush backdrop to the striking flowers. The foliage is somewhat succulent, with a smooth texture that helps the plant retain moisture in its native arid environments. Arranged alternately along the stems, the leaves contribute to the overall bushy and compact growth habit of the plant, enhancing its ornamental appeal in gardens and landscapes.
Dimorphotheca pluvialis, known for its vibrant flowers, does not typically possess a notable aroma. While some plants in the Asteraceae family, to which Dimorphotheca pluvialis belongs, may have a faint scent, the rain daisy is primarily grown for its visual appeal rather than its fragrance. Therefore, it is not cultivated or appreciated for its aromatic qualities.
Other Names:
African Daisy, Blue-eyed Daisy, Cape Daisy, Cape Marigold, Cape Rain-daisy, Daisybush, Osteospermum, Ox-eye Daisy, Rain Daisy.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information

Discovering the Charm of White African Daisies (Dimorphotheca pluvialis)

In the world of gardening and floral landscapes, few blooms captivate as effortlessly as the White African Daisy, scientifically known as Dimorphotheca pluvialis. This delicate yet resilient annual plant, native to the arid regions of southern Africa, brings a burst of brightness and elegance to gardens around the globe. With its distinctive daisy-like flowers and attractive foliage, it's no wonder that this charming plant has become a favourite among gardeners and floral enthusiasts alike.

The Allure of White African Daisies

Dimorphotheca pluvialis is renowned for its pristine white flowers that resemble classic daisies, complete with a contrasting dark center that adds depth and allure. Each flower, measuring between 5 to 7 centimetres in diameter, features delicate petals that gracefully unfold in the warmth of the sun. Their petals may sometimes bear a subtle hint of pink or purple on their undersides, creating a captivating visual display that can brighten any garden bed or floral arrangement.

A Closer Look at the Features

The leaves of Dimorphotheca pluvialis are equally noteworthy, with their lanceolate to oblong shape and smooth, succulent texture. These vibrant green leaves provide a lush backdrop to the profusion of flowers, enhancing the overall appeal of the plant in garden settings. The plant's compact growth habit and bushy foliage make it an ideal choice for borders, containers, or mass plantings, where it can thrive under sunny conditions and well-drained soil.

Cultivation and Care Tips

Growing White African Daisies is a rewarding experience, especially for gardeners looking to add a splash of white and green to their outdoor spaces. These annual plants prefer full sun and soil that drains well, thriving in areas with warm climates. Sowing seeds directly in the garden after the last frost date ensures optimal growth and bloom development throughout the growing season. Regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist, especially during dry spells, and occasional deadheading of spent flowers will encourage continuous blooming and maintain the plant's tidy appearance.

Ornamental Value and Uses

While White African Daisies are primarily cultivated for their ornamental value, they also serve as excellent cut flowers for floral arrangements. Their long-lasting blooms and striking appearance make them a popular choice for adding a touch of elegance to bouquets or indoor displays. Additionally, their resilience to drought and heat makes them suitable candidates for xeriscaping or water-wise gardening practices, where they can thrive with minimal water once established.


In conclusion, Dimorphotheca pluvialis, or White African Daisies, exemplifies the beauty and resilience of nature's floral creations. From their pristine white blooms to their vibrant green foliage, these annual plants effortlessly enhance any garden or landscape with their charm and elegance. Whether grown for their ornamental value, as cut flowers, or to attract pollinators, White African Daisies continue to captivate and inspire gardeners worldwide, making them a cherished addition to any floral collection.

Discover the allure of White African Daisies for yourself and experience the joy of cultivating these enchanting blooms in your own garden. Their timeless beauty and easy-care nature ensure that they will be cherished for seasons to come, bringing a touch of southern African splendour to gardens everywhere.

More About White African Daisies

Celebrating the Resilience of White African Daisies

White African Daisies, scientifically known as Dimorphotheca pluvialis, are not only admired for their delicate beauty but also revered for their resilience in various gardening conditions. Originating from the arid regions of southern Africa, these annual plants have adapted to thrive in sunny, dry climates, making them a preferred choice for gardeners seeking low-maintenance yet visually rewarding additions to their landscapes.

Versatility in Gardens

One of the standout features of White African Daisies is their versatility in garden settings. Their compact growth habit and bushy foliage make them ideal for borders, rock gardens, and containers. Whether planted en masse to create a sea of white blooms or strategically placed to complement other garden flora, these daisies effortlessly elevate the aesthetic appeal of any outdoor space.

Seasonal Bloom Cycle

From late spring through summer, White African Daisies burst into bloom with an abundance of pure white flowers. Each daisy-like bloom, adorned with a dark contrasting center, adds a touch of elegance and freshness to garden beds and floral arrangements alike. Their prolific flowering nature ensures a continuous display of beauty throughout the growing season, attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies, which further enriches the garden ecosystem.

Low-Maintenance Care

Gardeners appreciate White African Daisies for their minimal care requirements. These hardy annuals thrive in full sun and well-drained soil, tolerating periods of drought once established. Regular deadheading of spent flowers promotes prolonged blooming, while occasional fertilization can enhance growth and flower production. Their ability to adapt to various soil types and climates makes them a valuable asset in both novice and experienced gardener's collections.

Ornamental and Decorative Uses

Beyond their role in garden landscapes, White African Daisies are prized for their ornamental value in floral arrangements. Their long, sturdy stems and lasting blooms make them an excellent choice for cut flowers, adding a touch of natural beauty to indoor bouquets and centerpieces. Whether used singly or combined with other garden blooms, these daisies bring a sense of purity and simplicity to any floral design.

30 Charming Facts About the White African Daisy

Here are 30 facts about White African Daisies (Dimorphotheca pluvialis):

  1. Scientific Name: Dimorphotheca pluvialis is the botanical name for White African Daisies.
  2. Origin: Native to southern Africa, particularly regions with arid climates.
  3. Common Names: Also known as Cape marigold or rain daisy.
  4. Plant Type: Dimorphotheca pluvialis is an annual plant.
  5. Size: Typically grows to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 centimeters).
  6. Flower Size: Each flower measures about 5 to 7 centimeters in diameter.
  7. Flower Color: Primarily white, sometimes with hints of pink or purple on the undersides.
  8. Blooming Season: Flowers bloom profusely from late spring to summer.
  9. Leaf Characteristics: Leaves are lanceolate to oblong with a smooth, succulent texture.
  10. Growth Habit: Bushy and compact, suitable for borders and containers.
  11. Sun Requirements: Thrives in full sun to part shade.
  12. Soil Preferences: Well-drained soil is essential for optimal growth.
  13. Watering Needs: Moderate water requirements; drought-tolerant once established.
  14. Propagation: Propagated from seeds, sown directly in the garden after the last frost.
  15. Attracts Pollinators: Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
  16. Longevity: Completes its life cycle (germination to seed production) within one year.
  17. Reseeding: Self-seeds readily, allowing for natural propagation in suitable conditions.
  18. Foliage: Bright green leaves provide a lush backdrop to the flowers.
  19. Fragrance: Generally lacks a strong aroma, primarily grown for visual appeal.
  20. Uses: Ornamental purposes in gardens, also used as cut flowers for floral arrangements.
  21. Landscaping: Ideal for xeriscaping and water-wise gardens due to drought tolerance.
  22. Companion Plants: Combines well with other annuals and perennials in mixed borders.
  23. Medicinal Use: Traditional medicinal uses in African cultures, though not widely documented.
  24. Edibility: Not edible; primarily grown as an ornamental plant.
  25. Pest Resistance: Generally resistant to pests and diseases with proper care.
  26. Hardiness Zones: Suitable for USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11.
  27. Adaptability: Tolerates coastal conditions and mild salt spray.
  28. Cultural Significance: Often associated with purity and simplicity in floral symbolism.
  29. History: Introduced to Europe in the 17th century, gaining popularity as a garden plant.
  30. Global Appeal: Widely cultivated in gardens worldwide for its beauty and ease of care.

These facts highlight the diverse characteristics and appeal of White African Daisies, making them a beloved choice among gardeners and floral enthusiasts.


White African Daisies filmed in Carnforth, Lancashire on the 1st June 2024.


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