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Gazania rigens

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Asteraceae (Daisy)
Also in this family:
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle, Alpine Cotula, Alpine Fleabane, Alpine Saw-wort, Annual Ragweed, Annual Sunflower, Argentine Fleabane, Autumn Hawkbit, Autumn Oxeye, Beaked Hawksbeard, Beggarticks, Bilbao Fleabane, Black Knapweed, Black-eyed Susan, Blanketflower, Blue Fleabane, Blue Globe-thistle, Bristly Oxtongue, Broad-leaved Cudweed, Broad-leaved Ragwort, Brown Knapweed, Butterbur, Buttonweed, Cabbage Thistle, Canadian Fleabane, Canadian Goldenrod, Carline Thistle, Chalk Knapweed, Chamois Ragwort, Changing Michaelmas Daisy, Chicory, Chinese Mugwort, Chinese Ragwort, Coltsfoot, Common Blue Sow-thistle, Common Cat's-ear, Common Cudweed, Common Daisy, Common Dandelion, Common Fleabane, Common Goldenrod, Common Groundsel, Common Michaelmas Daisy, Common Mugwort, Common Ragwort, Common Wormwood, Coneflower, Confused Michaelmas Daisy, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Cottonweed, Creeping Thistle, Daisy Bush, Dwarf Cudweed, Dwarf Thistle, Early Goldenrod, Eastern Groundsel, Eastern Leopardsbane, Elecampane, English Hawkweed, Fen Ragwort, Feverfew, Field Fleawort, Field Wormwood, Fox and Cubs, French Tarragon, Gallant Soldier, Garden Lettuce, Giant Butterbur, Glabrous-headed Hawkweed, Glandular Globe-thistle, Glaucous Michaelmas Daisy, Globe Artichoke, Globe-thistle, Goat's Beard, Golden Ragwort, Golden Samphire, Goldilocks Aster, Grass-leaved Goldenrod, Great Lettuce, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Grey-headed Hawkweed, Guernsey Fleabane, Hairless Blue Sow-thistle, Hairless Leptinella, Hairy Michaelmas Daisy, Harpur Crewe's Leopardsbane, Hawkweed Oxtongue, Heath Cudweed, Heath Groundsel, Hemp Agrimony, Highland Cudweed, Hoary Mugwort, Hoary Ragwort, Hybrid Knapweed, Intermediate Burdock, Irish Fleabane, Jersey Cudweed, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lance-leaved Hawkweed, Lavender-cotton, Leafless Hawksbeard, Least Lettuce, Leopardplant, Leopardsbane, Leptinella, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Hawkbit, Lesser Sunflower, London Bur-marigold, Magellan Ragwort, Marsh Cudweed, Marsh Hawksbeard, Marsh Ragwort, Marsh Sow-thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Mexican Fleabane, Milk Thistle, Mountain Everlasting, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Narrow-leaved Cudweed, Narrow-leaved Hawkweed, Narrow-leaved Michaelmas Daisy, Narrow-leaved Ragwort, New England Hawkweed, New Zealand Holly, Nipplewort, Nodding Bur-marigold, Northern Hawksbeard, Norwegian Mugwort, Oxeye Daisy, Oxford Ragwort, Pearly Everlasting, Perennial Cornflower, Perennial Ragweed, Perennial Sow-thistle, Perennial Sunflower, Pineapple Mayweed, Plantain-leaved Leopardsbane, Ploughman's Spikenard, Plymouth Thistle, Pontic Blue Sow-thistle, Pot Marigold, Prickly Lettuce, Prickly Sow-thistle, Purple Coltsfoot, Rayed Tansy, Red Star Thistle, Red-seeded Dandelion, Red-tipped Cudweed, Robin's Plantain, Roman Chamomile, Rough Cocklebur, Rough Hawkbit, Rough Hawksbeard, Russian Lettuce, Safflower, Salsify, Saw-wort, Scented Mayweed, Scentless Mayweed, Sea Aster, Sea Mayweed, Sea Wormwood, Seaside Daisy, Shaggy Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shaggy Soldier, Shasta Daisy, Shetland Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shrub Ragwort, Sicilian Chamomile, Silver Ragwort, Slender Mugwort, Slender Thistle, Small Cudweed, Small Fleabane, Smooth Cat's-ear, Smooth Hawksbeard, Smooth Sow-thistle, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort, Spear Thistle, Spotted Cat's-ear, Spotted Hawkweed, Sticky Groundsel, Stinking Chamomile, Stinking Hawksbeard, Tall Fleabane, Tall Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Tansy, Thin-leaved Sunflower, Trifid Bur-marigold, Tuberous Thistle, Tyneside Leopardplant, Viper's Grass, Wall Lettuce, Welsh Groundsel, Welted Thistle, White African Daisy, White Butterbur, White Buttons, Willdenow's Leopardsbane, Winter Heliotrope, Wood Burdock, Wood Ragwort, Woody Fleabane, Woolly Thistle, Yarrow, Yellow Chamomile, Yellow Fox and Cubs, Yellow Oxeye, Yellow Star Thistle, Yellow Thistle, York Groundsel
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
30 centimetres tall
Gardens, grassland, parks, roadsides, rocky places, sea cliffs, seaside, wasteland.

Variable in colour, many petals
The flowers of Treasureflower (Gazania rigens) are strikingly vibrant and daisy-like, with a diameter of about 5 to 8 cm. They display a dazzling array of colors, including shades of yellow, orange, red, pink, and white, often with a contrasting dark central ring that accentuates the bright petals. The blooms open in full sunlight and close during cloudy weather or at night, a characteristic feature of this sun-loving plant. Each flower head is borne singly on a slender stem, rising above the foliage, which consists of narrow, lance-shaped leaves that are dark green on the top and silvery underneath. These cheerful and resilient flowers are a popular choice for adding bursts of color to gardens and landscapes throughout the summer months.
The fruit of Treasureflower is a small, dry, one-seeded structure known as an achene. These achenes are typically topped with a tuft of silky hairs, which aids in wind dispersal. The fruit forms after the flowers fade, and each seed is enclosed in a hard outer shell that protects it until it finds suitable conditions for germination. The presence of these tufts allows the seeds to be carried over some distance by the wind, helping the plant to spread and colonize new areas.
The leaves of Treasureflower are lance-shaped and typically measure around 10 to 15 cm in length. They are dark green on the upper surface and have a silvery, white, or grayish underside, which gives them a slightly fuzzy appearance. This coloration helps to reflect sunlight and reduce water loss, making the plant well-adapted to its native dry environments. The leaves are arranged in a rosette pattern at the base of the plant and are often deeply lobed or pinnate, with a somewhat thick and leathery texture that further aids in water conservation.
Treasureflower does not typically have a significant aroma. It is primarily cultivated for its colorful and vibrant flowers rather than for any fragrance. Therefore, if you are looking for plants with aromatic qualities, Treasureflower may not satisfy that criterion as its main appeal lies in its visual impact rather than scent.
Other Names:
African Daisy, Clumping Gazania, Coastal Gazania, South African Daisy, Trailing Gazania, Treasure Flower.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information

Treasureflower (Gazania rigens) is a low-growing perennial plant often treated as an annual in cooler climates. It typically reaches a height of 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) and produces vibrant, daisy-like flowers from June to September in the UK. Native to South Africa, it thrives in sunny, well-drained locations and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Commonly known as African Daisy, South African Daisy, Coastal Gazania, Clumping Gazania, and Trailing Gazania, it is often found in coastal areas, grasslands, rocky slopes, roadsides, and gardens. Its bright blooms make it a popular choice for ground cover and ornamental planting.

Discovering the Beauty of Treasureflower (Gazania rigens)

In the vibrant world of wildflowers, few species captivate the eye quite like the Treasureflower, scientifically known as Gazania rigens. With its dazzling array of colors and remarkable resilience, this South African native has found its way into gardens and hearts around the globe. Let's delve into the allure and characteristics of this stunning plant.

Origins and Habitat

Native to the southern regions of Africa, particularly South Africa, Gazania rigens thrives in sunny, arid climates. It's often found in sandy soils, making it well-suited to coastal areas and dry landscapes. Its ability to withstand drought conditions has made it a favorite in xeriscaping and rock gardens, where it adds bursts of color against a backdrop of stones and succulents.

Physical Characteristics

Treasureflower is renowned for its distinctive daisy-like blooms that span a spectrum of hues. From vibrant oranges, yellows, and reds to softer shades of pink and white, each flower is a masterpiece of color variation. The petals often feature contrasting stripes or markings, adding to their visual appeal.

The leaves of Gazania rigens are typically spoon-shaped and can vary in color from deep green to silver-gray. They are fleshy and have a slightly succulent texture, which helps the plant conserve water—a valuable adaptation for its natural habitat.

Growing and Care Tips

For gardeners and enthusiasts looking to cultivate Treasureflower, here are some essential tips:

  • Sunlight: Treasureflower thrives in full sun and requires at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily.

  • Soil: Well-drained, sandy soil is ideal. If your soil is heavy, consider adding sand or perlite to improve drainage.

  • Watering: While Gazania rigens is drought-tolerant once established, regular watering is necessary during the initial growth phase. Once mature, it's best to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent root rot.

  • Propagation: Propagate from seeds or by division in early spring. Seeds can be started indoors and transplanted once the risk of frost has passed.

  • Maintenance: Deadhead spent flowers to encourage continuous blooming throughout the growing season. Trim back leggy growth to promote compactness.

Ecological Importance

Beyond its ornamental value, Treasureflower plays a role in supporting local ecosystems. Its nectar-rich blooms attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, contributing to biodiversity and the health of surrounding flora.

Cultural Significance

In its native South Africa, Gazania rigens holds cultural significance and is sometimes used in traditional medicine. Its hardiness and ability to thrive in harsh conditions have also led to its adoption as a symbol of resilience and endurance in some contexts.


reasureflower (Gazania rigens) is not just a beautiful addition to gardens worldwide but also a testament to nature's ingenuity and adaptability. Whether cascading down a rocky slope or brightening up a container garden, its vibrant blooms and hardy nature make it a treasure indeed. Consider adding this resilient wildflower to your landscape, and enjoy the splendor it brings year after year.

Embrace the beauty of Treasureflower, and let its colors paint a picture of nature's resilience and grace in your own corner of the world.

30 Interesting Treasureflower Facts

Here are 30 facts about Treasureflower (Gazania rigens) to deepen your appreciation for this beautiful plant:

  1. Botanical Name: Gazania rigens is commonly known as Treasureflower.

  2. Native Range: It hails from South Africa, specifically the Cape region.

  3. Family: It belongs to the Asteraceae family, which includes daisies and sunflowers.

  4. Common Names: Besides Treasureflower, it's also known as African Daisy or Coastal Gazania.

  5. Colors: Its blooms come in a wide array of colors including shades of yellow, orange, red, pink, and white.

  6. Blooming Period: Treasureflowers typically bloom from spring through summer, and sometimes into fall in warmer climates.

  7. Drought Tolerance: Known for its exceptional drought tolerance, making it suitable for xeriscaping.

  8. Heat Tolerance: It thrives in hot climates and can withstand intense sunlight.

  9. Soil Preferences: Prefers well-draining sandy or rocky soils, but can adapt to other soil types with good drainage.

  10. Plant Size: Usually grows to a height of 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) with a spread of 12-18 inches (30-45 cm).

  11. Leaves: The leaves are basal, linear to spoon-shaped, and often have silvery or grayish-green coloration.

  12. Flower Structure: Each flower head consists of ray florets (petals) surrounding a central disc of tiny florets.

  13. Bloom Pattern: Flowers open during the day and close at night or during cloudy weather.

  14. Attracts Pollinators: Its nectar-rich blooms attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators.

  15. Propagation: Can be propagated from seeds or by division of clumps.

  16. Uses: Commonly used in gardens, borders, rock gardens, and as ground cover.

  17. Cultural Significance: In South Africa, Gazania rigens is sometimes used in traditional medicine.

  18. Adaptability: Suitable for coastal gardens due to its tolerance to salt spray.

  19. Hardiness Zones: Generally grown in USDA hardiness zones 9-11, but can be treated as an annual in cooler climates.

  20. Low Maintenance: Once established, it requires minimal care and is relatively pest and disease-resistant.

  21. Cut Flowers: The long stems make Treasureflower suitable for cutting and using in floral arrangements.

  22. Longevity: Individual flowers typically last for several days to a week before fading.

  23. Frost Sensitivity: Can be sensitive to frost and may benefit from protection or brought indoors in colder climates.

  24. Fertilization: Generally, not heavy feeders; light fertilization in spring can promote robust blooming.

  25. Companion Plants: Combines well with other drought-tolerant plants like succulents and ornamental grasses.

  26. Growth Habit: Forms dense mats of foliage and flowers, making it effective as ground cover.

  27. Hybrids: Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed, offering variations in color and flower size.

  28. Seaside Gardens: Ideal for gardens near the coast due to its tolerance of sandy soils and salt exposure.

  29. Water Conservation: Its ability to thrive with minimal watering makes it an eco-friendly choice in water-wise landscaping.

  30. Symbolism: Represents resilience and endurance, reflecting its ability to thrive in challenging environments.

These facts highlight the versatility, beauty, and ecological importance of Treasureflower (Gazania rigens), making it a cherished addition to gardens worldwide.