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Dwarf Cudweed

Gnaphalium supinum

Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law.
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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Asteraceae (Daisy)
Also in this family:
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle, Alpine Cotula, Alpine Fleabane, Alpine Saw-wort, Annual Ragweed, Annual Sunflower, Argentine Fleabane, Autumn Hawkbit, Autumn Oxeye, Beaked Hawksbeard, Beggarticks, Bilbao Fleabane, Black Knapweed, Black-eyed Susan, Blanketflower, Blue Fleabane, Blue Globe-thistle, Bristly Oxtongue, Broad-leaved Cudweed, Broad-leaved Ragwort, Brown Knapweed, Butterbur, Buttonweed, Cabbage Thistle, Canadian Fleabane, Canadian Goldenrod, Carline Thistle, Chalk Knapweed, Chamois Ragwort, Changing Michaelmas Daisy, Chicory, Chinese Mugwort, Chinese Ragwort, Coltsfoot, Common Blue Sow-thistle, Common Cat's-ear, Common Cudweed, Common Daisy, Common Dandelion, Common Fleabane, Common Goldenrod, Common Groundsel, Common Michaelmas Daisy, Common Mugwort, Common Ragwort, Common Wormwood, Coneflower, Confused Michaelmas Daisy, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Cottonweed, Creeping Thistle, Daisy Bush, Dwarf Thistle, Early Goldenrod, Eastern Groundsel, Eastern Leopardsbane, Elecampane, English Hawkweed, Fen Ragwort, Feverfew, Field Fleawort, Field Wormwood, Fox and Cubs, French Tarragon, Gallant Soldier, Garden Lettuce, Giant Butterbur, Glabrous-headed Hawkweed, Glandular Globe-thistle, Glaucous Michaelmas Daisy, Globe Artichoke, Globe-thistle, Goat's Beard, Golden Ragwort, Golden Samphire, Goldilocks Aster, Grass-leaved Goldenrod, Great Lettuce, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Grey-headed Hawkweed, Guernsey Fleabane, Hairless Blue Sow-thistle, Hairless Leptinella, Hairy Michaelmas Daisy, Harpur Crewe's Leopardsbane, Hawkweed Oxtongue, Heath Cudweed, Heath Groundsel, Hemp Agrimony, Highland Cudweed, Hoary Mugwort, Hoary Ragwort, Hybrid Knapweed, Intermediate Burdock, Irish Fleabane, Jersey Cudweed, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lance-leaved Hawkweed, Lavender-cotton, Leafless Hawksbeard, Least Lettuce, Leopardplant, Leopardsbane, Leptinella, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Hawkbit, Lesser Sunflower, London Bur-marigold, Magellan Ragwort, Marsh Cudweed, Marsh Hawksbeard, Marsh Ragwort, Marsh Sow-thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Mexican Fleabane, Milk Thistle, Mountain Everlasting, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Narrow-leaved Cudweed, Narrow-leaved Hawkweed, Narrow-leaved Michaelmas Daisy, Narrow-leaved Ragwort, New England Hawkweed, New Zealand Holly, Nipplewort, Nodding Bur-marigold, Northern Hawksbeard, Norwegian Mugwort, Oxeye Daisy, Oxford Ragwort, Pearly Everlasting, Perennial Cornflower, Perennial Ragweed, Perennial Sow-thistle, Perennial Sunflower, Pineapple Mayweed, Plantain-leaved Leopardsbane, Ploughman's Spikenard, Plymouth Thistle, Pontic Blue Sow-thistle, Pot Marigold, Prickly Lettuce, Prickly Sow-thistle, Purple Coltsfoot, Rayed Tansy, Red Star Thistle, Red-seeded Dandelion, Red-tipped Cudweed, Robin's Plantain, Roman Chamomile, Rough Cocklebur, Rough Hawkbit, Rough Hawksbeard, Russian Lettuce, Safflower, Salsify, Saw-wort, Scented Mayweed, Scentless Mayweed, Sea Aster, Sea Mayweed, Sea Wormwood, Seaside Daisy, Shaggy Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shaggy Soldier, Shasta Daisy, Shetland Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shrub Ragwort, Sicilian Chamomile, Silver Ragwort, Slender Mugwort, Slender Thistle, Small Cudweed, Small Fleabane, Smooth Cat's-ear, Smooth Hawksbeard, Smooth Sow-thistle, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort, Spear Thistle, Spotted Cat's-ear, Spotted Hawkweed, Sticky Groundsel, Stinking Chamomile, Stinking Hawksbeard, Tall Fleabane, Tall Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Tansy, Thin-leaved Sunflower, Treasureflower, Trifid Bur-marigold, Tuberous Thistle, Tyneside Leopardplant, Viper's Grass, Wall Lettuce, Welsh Groundsel, Welted Thistle, White African Daisy, White Butterbur, White Buttons, Willdenow's Leopardsbane, Winter Heliotrope, Wood Burdock, Wood Ragwort, Woody Fleabane, Woolly Thistle, Yarrow, Yellow Chamomile, Yellow Fox and Cubs, Yellow Oxeye, Yellow Star Thistle, Yellow Thistle, York Groundsel
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
15 centimetres tall
Cliffs, fields, grassland, meadows, mountains, roadsides, rocky places.

Pink, no petals
The flowerheads are arranged in an erect, compact terminal spike. Flowers are bright pink with brown bracts. The flowerheads are about 6mm long.
The fruit is an achene with a pappus of hairs attached at one end.
The leaves are narrow and linear, felted with silvery hairs on both sides.
Other Names:
Prostrate Cottonweed, Prostrate Cudweed.
Frequency (UK):

Other Information


Gnaphalium supinum, also known as prostrate cudweed or prostrate cottonweed, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family. It is native to Europe and can be found in a variety of habitats, including meadows, pastures, and roadside verges. The plant has hairy, green leaves and small, yellow flowers with a brown center that bloom in the spring and summer. The flowers are surrounded by a ring of small, hairy, green bracts that resemble leaves. The plant has a hairy, branching stem and grows to be about 30 cm tall. It is a popular garden plant and is often grown for its attractive flowers and ability to tolerate dry conditions. Prostrate cudweed is also used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory problems and skin conditions.


Dwarf Cudweed is a small plant, growing to only 10-15 cm tall and spreading to a width of 20-30 cm. Its leaves are covered in fine hairs, giving them a soft, silvery appearance. The flowers are tiny, measuring only 1-2 cm in diameter, but they are produced in abundance and provide a mass of yellow color that is sure to brighten up any garden.

One of the key features of Dwarf Cudweed is its ability to thrive in a variety of conditions. It is hardy and adaptable, and can be grown in full sun, partial shade, or even heavy shade. It is also drought tolerant and can tolerate poor soil conditions, making it a low maintenance option for gardeners.

Dwarf Cudweed is a great option for those looking for a low maintenance, low-growing ground cover plant. Its small size and spreading habit make it ideal for rock gardens, borders, and even containers. Its bright yellow flowers and silvery leaves are sure to add interest to any garden, and its ability to grow in a variety of conditions means that it is a great choice for gardeners of all levels.

In addition to its ornamental value, Dwarf Cudweed also provides an important source of food and habitat for wildlife. The flowers are a valuable source of nectar for pollinators, and the leaves provide food for herbivores, including caterpillars and small mammals. The plant also provides cover for small mammals and insects, making it an important addition to wildlife gardens.

Dwarf Cudweed is a small, hardy perennial that is a great addition to any garden. With its bright yellow flowers, silvery leaves, and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions, it is a low maintenance, low-growing ground cover plant that is sure to add interest to any garden. Its value to wildlife makes it an important addition to wildlife gardens, and its adaptability means that it is a great choice for gardeners of all levels.

In terms of care and maintenance, Dwarf Cudweed is a low maintenance plant that is easy to care for. It does not require frequent watering and is tolerant of drought, making it a great choice for gardeners who want to save on water usage. It also does not require regular fertilization, but a light application of compost or slow-release fertilizer in the spring can help it to thrive.

When it comes to propagation, Dwarf Cudweed is easily propagated through division or seed. To divide, simply separate the clumps of the plant in the spring and replant them in the desired location. To propagate through seed, simply sow the seeds in the fall or spring in a well-drained soil mix, and cover lightly with soil. Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged, and the seeds should germinate within a few weeks.

One thing to keep in mind when growing Dwarf Cudweed is that it is considered to be an invasive species in some areas, so it is important to check your local regulations before planting. In areas where it is considered invasive, it can quickly spread and take over native plant communities, so it is important to be mindful of its growth habits and contain it as necessary.

Dwarf Cudweed is a small, hardy perennial that is a great addition to any garden. With its bright yellow flowers, silvery leaves, and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions, it is a low maintenance, low-growing ground cover plant that is sure to add interest to any garden. Whether you are looking for a low maintenance option for your rock garden, a source of food and habitat for wildlife, or simply a bright and cheerful addition to your garden, Dwarf Cudweed is a great choice.

Another aspect to consider when planting Dwarf Cudweed is its compatibility with other plants. It can be paired with other low-growing perennials, such as creeping thyme or sedums, to create a lush and varied ground cover. It can also be used as a filler in mixed borders, or as an underplanting for taller shrubs and trees. When planted in masses, Dwarf Cudweed creates a striking display of yellow flowers that are sure to catch the eye.

In terms of pests and diseases, Dwarf Cudweed is relatively disease and pest-free. However, it is important to keep an eye out for common garden pests such as aphids and slugs, which can cause damage to the foliage and flowers. Regular inspections and treatments with insecticidal soap or slug bait can help to keep these pests under control.

Another consideration for gardeners is the fact that Dwarf Cudweed is often used for medicinal purposes. It has been used for centuries for its anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and astringent properties, and has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including wounds, skin irritations, and respiratory issues. While more research is needed to fully understand its medicinal properties, it is clear that Dwarf Cudweed is a valuable plant for both ornamental and medicinal purposes.

In conclusion, Dwarf Cudweed is a versatile and low-maintenance perennial that is a great choice for gardeners of all levels. Its bright yellow flowers, silvery leaves, and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions make it a great option for rock gardens, mixed borders, and wildlife gardens. When combined with other low-growing perennials, it creates a lush and varied ground cover that is sure to impress. Whether you are looking for a beautiful addition to your garden or a valuable plant with medicinal properties, Dwarf Cudweed is a great choice.

Distribution Map

Reproduced by kind permission of the BSBI.

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