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Pineapple Mayweed

Matricaria discoidea

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Plant Profile

Flowering Months:
Asteraceae (Daisy)
Also in this family:
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle, Alpine Cotula, Alpine Fleabane, Alpine Saw-wort, Annual Ragweed, Annual Sunflower, Argentine Fleabane, Autumn Hawkbit, Autumn Oxeye, Beaked Hawksbeard, Beggarticks, Bilbao Fleabane, Black Knapweed, Black-eyed Susan, Blanketflower, Blue Fleabane, Blue Globe-thistle, Bristly Oxtongue, Broad-leaved Cudweed, Broad-leaved Ragwort, Brown Knapweed, Butterbur, Buttonweed, Cabbage Thistle, Canadian Fleabane, Canadian Goldenrod, Carline Thistle, Chalk Knapweed, Chamois Ragwort, Changing Michaelmas Daisy, Chicory, Chinese Mugwort, Chinese Ragwort, Coltsfoot, Common Blue Sow-thistle, Common Cat's-ear, Common Cudweed, Common Daisy, Common Dandelion, Common Fleabane, Common Goldenrod, Common Groundsel, Common Michaelmas Daisy, Common Mugwort, Common Ragwort, Common Wormwood, Coneflower, Confused Michaelmas Daisy, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Cottonweed, Creeping Thistle, Daisy Bush, Dwarf Cudweed, Dwarf Thistle, Early Goldenrod, Eastern Groundsel, Eastern Leopardsbane, Elecampane, English Hawkweed, Fen Ragwort, Feverfew, Field Fleawort, Field Wormwood, Fox and Cubs, French Tarragon, Gallant Soldier, Garden Lettuce, Giant Butterbur, Glabrous-headed Hawkweed, Glandular Globe-thistle, Glaucous Michaelmas Daisy, Globe Artichoke, Globe-thistle, Goat's Beard, Golden Ragwort, Golden Samphire, Goldilocks Aster, Grass-leaved Goldenrod, Great Lettuce, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Grey-headed Hawkweed, Guernsey Fleabane, Hairless Blue Sow-thistle, Hairless Leptinella, Hairy Michaelmas Daisy, Harpur Crewe's Leopardsbane, Hawkweed Oxtongue, Heath Cudweed, Heath Groundsel, Hemp Agrimony, Highland Cudweed, Hoary Mugwort, Hoary Ragwort, Hybrid Knapweed, Intermediate Burdock, Irish Fleabane, Jersey Cudweed, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lance-leaved Hawkweed, Lavender-cotton, Leafless Hawksbeard, Least Lettuce, Leopardplant, Leopardsbane, Leptinella, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Hawkbit, Lesser Sunflower, London Bur-marigold, Magellan Ragwort, Marsh Cudweed, Marsh Hawksbeard, Marsh Ragwort, Marsh Sow-thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Mexican Fleabane, Milk Thistle, Mountain Everlasting, Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Musk Thistle, Narrow-leaved Cudweed, Narrow-leaved Hawkweed, Narrow-leaved Michaelmas Daisy, Narrow-leaved Ragwort, New England Hawkweed, New Zealand Holly, Nipplewort, Nodding Bur-marigold, Northern Hawksbeard, Norwegian Mugwort, Oxeye Daisy, Oxford Ragwort, Pearly Everlasting, Perennial Cornflower, Perennial Ragweed, Perennial Sow-thistle, Perennial Sunflower, Plantain-leaved Leopardsbane, Ploughman's Spikenard, Plymouth Thistle, Pontic Blue Sow-thistle, Pot Marigold, Prickly Lettuce, Prickly Sow-thistle, Purple Coltsfoot, Rayed Tansy, Red Star Thistle, Red-seeded Dandelion, Red-tipped Cudweed, Robin's Plantain, Roman Chamomile, Rough Cocklebur, Rough Hawkbit, Rough Hawksbeard, Russian Lettuce, Safflower, Salsify, Saw-wort, Scented Mayweed, Scentless Mayweed, Sea Aster, Sea Mayweed, Sea Wormwood, Seaside Daisy, Shaggy Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shaggy Soldier, Shasta Daisy, Shetland Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Shrub Ragwort, Sicilian Chamomile, Silver Ragwort, Slender Mugwort, Slender Thistle, Small Cudweed, Small Fleabane, Smooth Cat's-ear, Smooth Hawksbeard, Smooth Sow-thistle, Sneezeweed, Sneezewort, Spear Thistle, Spotted Cat's-ear, Spotted Hawkweed, Sticky Groundsel, Stinking Chamomile, Stinking Hawksbeard, Tall Fleabane, Tall Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Tansy, Thin-leaved Sunflower, Trifid Bur-marigold, Tuberous Thistle, Tyneside Leopardplant, Viper's Grass, Wall Lettuce, Welsh Groundsel, Welted Thistle, White Butterbur, White Buttons, Willdenow's Leopardsbane, Winter Heliotrope, Wood Burdock, Wood Ragwort, Woody Fleabane, Woolly Thistle, Yarrow, Yellow Chamomile, Yellow Fox and Cubs, Yellow Oxeye, Yellow Star Thistle, Yellow Thistle, York Groundsel
Life Cycle:
Maximum Size:
35 centimetres tall
Fields, gardens, lawns, roadsides, wasteland.

Yellow, no petals
Small yellowish-green, globular. No petals but 12-15 petal-like ray florets.
The flowers get lots of small brown seeds on them later in the year. The seeds (achenes) are light brown with 3 to 4 ridges on them.
Feathery and deeply cut, resembling miniature fern leaves. Alternate along the stems and up to 2 inches long. The leaves have got perhaps a few sparse hairs on them, but usually they are pretty much hairless.
Flowerheads smell very strongly of pineapple when crushed between the fingers.
Other Names:
Disc Mayweed, False Chamomile, Pineapple Weed, Rayless Chamomile, Rayless Mayweed, Wild Chamomile.
Frequency (UK):

Similar Species

Other Information


Matricaria discoidea, also known as wild chamomile or pineapple weed, is an annual herb native to North America. It is known for its small, yellow, daisy-like flowers that have a strong scent of chamomile. The plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil, and can typically grow up to 8 inches tall. It is often used as a medicinal herb, and can be brewed in teas and as an essential oil. Its also considered a weed in some places and it's best to be careful when planting it as it can become invasive.


Pineapple Mayweed, scientifically known as Matricaria discoidea, is a small, annual herb that belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is native to Europe and Western Asia but can now be found in other parts of the world, including North America. This plant is also known by other common names such as Pineappleweed, Wild Chamomile, and Disc Mayweed.

Appearance and Characteristics

Pineapple Mayweed is a low-growing plant that typically grows up to 20 cm in height. It has a distinctive, sweet, and fruity aroma similar to that of a pineapple, hence the name Pineappleweed. The plant has green leaves that are finely divided into thread-like segments, and the flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and cone-shaped, with a slight depression on the top. The plant blooms from June to September.


Pineapple Mayweed grows in disturbed areas such as roadsides, fields, and waste areas. It thrives in well-drained soils that are moderately moist.


Pineapple Mayweed has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties. The plant is known for its anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and sedative properties. It has been used to treat digestive disorders such as bloating, flatulence, and colic. The plant is also used to relieve anxiety and insomnia. It can be made into a tea or tincture for these purposes.

Apart from its medicinal uses, Pineapple Mayweed is also used in the food industry. The plant is added to herbal teas and is also used as a flavoring agent in food products such as beer, ice cream, and candies.


Pineapple Mayweed is not considered endangered, but it is important to protect its habitat from human disturbance. The plant is also sensitive to pollution, so it is crucial to ensure that it grows in an environment with clean air and water.

Pineapple Mayweed is a unique and useful plant with various medicinal and culinary uses. Its distinctive aroma and appearance make it easily recognizable in the wild. While it is not endangered, it is important to protect its habitat and ensure that it grows in an environment free from pollution.

More Information

Pineapple Mayweed is a versatile plant that is not only used for medicinal and culinary purposes but also for cosmetic uses. The plant contains essential oils that have skin-soothing properties, making it an excellent ingredient in skincare products. Pineapple Mayweed is used in lotions, creams, and other cosmetic products to reduce inflammation, calm irritated skin, and promote healing.

In addition to its uses in skincare, Pineapple Mayweed is also used in aromatherapy. The plant's fruity aroma has a calming effect on the mind and body, making it an excellent essential oil for reducing anxiety and stress.

While Pineapple Mayweed is generally safe for consumption and topical use, it is important to note that some people may be allergic to the plant. Individuals who are allergic to chamomile, ragweed, or other plants in the Asteraceae family may also be allergic to Pineapple Mayweed. It is important to consult a healthcare professional before using the plant for medicinal purposes.

Pineapple Mayweed has also been used historically by indigenous cultures for its medicinal properties. Native American tribes used Pineapple Mayweed to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive problems, menstrual cramps, and headaches. The plant was also used topically to treat skin irritations and to promote wound healing.

In traditional Chinese medicine, Pineapple Mayweed is used to improve digestion, reduce inflammation, and relieve anxiety. The plant is often combined with other herbs to create medicinal formulas that address specific health concerns.

Pineapple Mayweed is also a valuable plant for pollinators. The plant's flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects that help to pollinate other plants in the area.

Pineapple Mayweed is also considered a natural insect repellent. The plant's essential oils contain compounds that repel insects, including mosquitoes, flies, and fleas. This makes Pineapple Mayweed a useful plant to grow in your garden to keep pests away. You can crush the leaves and flowers of the plant and rub them on your skin to repel insects, or you can make a natural insect repellent spray using Pineapple Mayweed essential oil.

Another interesting use of Pineapple Mayweed is in folk magic and spiritual practices. The plant is believed to have protective and calming properties, and is often used in spells and rituals to promote relaxation, calmness, and to ward off negative energies. The plant is also used in dream pillows to promote restful sleep and pleasant dreams.

In terms of cultivation, Pineapple Mayweed is a relatively easy plant to grow. It prefers full sun or partial shade and well-draining soil. The plant is drought-tolerant once established, but regular watering can help promote healthy growth and flower production. Pineapple Mayweed can be propagated from seed, and it self-seeds readily, making it a great plant for naturalizing in wildflower gardens.

One interesting fact about Pineapple Mayweed is that its common name comes from the plant's fruity scent, which is said to resemble the aroma of pineapple. The plant's botanical name, Matricaria discoidea, refers to its resemblance to chamomile, another member of the Asteraceae family.

Pineapple Mayweed is also used in culinary applications. The plant's leaves and flowers can be used to add flavor to salads, soups, and other dishes. The plant's fruity flavor pairs well with fruits like strawberries and raspberries, and can be used to make fruit salads or fruit-infused drinks.

One cautionary note about Pineapple Mayweed is that it can be invasive in some areas. The plant self-seeds readily and can spread quickly, displacing native plant species. If you plan to grow Pineapple Mayweed in your garden, be sure to monitor it closely and remove any plants that are growing outside of their designated area. In some regions, Pineapple Mayweed is considered a noxious weed, so it's important to check with your local agricultural extension office before planting it.

Overall, Pineapple Mayweed is a fascinating and useful plant with many applications. Whether you're using it for its medicinal properties, culinary uses, or insect-repelling properties, Pineapple Mayweed is a plant that's worth exploring. With proper care and cultivation, Pineapple Mayweed can be a valuable addition to any garden or herbal medicine cabinet.


Pineapple Mayweed filmed at Orford, Suffolk on the 28th June 2022.


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